Abruzzi, Luigi Amedeo, duca degli

Abruzzi, Luigi Amedeo, duca degli

(lwē`jē ämādĕ`ō do͞o`kä dā`lyē abro͞ot`tsē), 1873–1933, Italian explorer and mountain climber; cousin of Victor Emmanuel IIIVictor Emmanuel III,
1869–1947, king of Italy (1900–1946), emperor of Ethiopia (1936–43), king of Albania (1939–43), son and successor of Humbert I. In 1896 he married Princess Helena of Montenegro.
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. He led (1897) the first ascent of Mt. St. EliasSaint Elias, Mount
, 18,008 ft (5,489 m) high, in the St. Elias Mts. on the U.S.-Canadian border between SW Yukon and SE Alaska; fourth highest peak of North America. It was first seen by Danish explorer Vitus Bering on July 16, 1741; Luigi Amedeo, duca degli Abruzzi, an Italian
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 in Alaska. His polar expedition (1899–1900) reached a point farther north than NansenNansen, Fridtjof
, 1861–1930, Norwegian arctic explorer, scientist, statesman, and humanitarian. The diversity of Nansen's interests is shown in his writings, which include Eskimo Life (1893), Closing-Nets for Vertical Hauls and for Vertical Towing (1915),
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's record. He explored (1906) the Ruwenzori range in Africa and in an attempt on K2K2
or Mount Godwin-Austen,
peak, 28,251 ft (8,611 m) high, in the Karakorum range, N Kashmir, on the China-Pakistan border; second highest peak in the world. It was discovered and measured by the Survey of India in 1856, and first named for English topographer Henry
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 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) in the Himalayas set (1909) a world record for altitude (24,600 ft). The southeast ridge of the peak is named in his honor. After 1919 he explored and tried to establish colonies in East Africa.
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