abstinence

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abstinence:

see fastingfasting,
partial or temporary abstinence from food, a widely used form of asceticism. Among the stricter Jews the principal fast is the Day of Atonement, or Yom Kippur; in Islam the faithful fast all the daytime hours of the month of Ramadan. Fasting is general in Christianity.
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; temperance movementstemperance movements,
organized efforts to induce people to abstain—partially or completely—from alcoholic beverages. Such movements occurred in ancient times, but ceased until the wide use of distilled liquors in the modern period resulted in increasing drunkenness.
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abstinence

Chiefly RC Church the practice of refraining from specific kinds of food or drink, esp from meat, as an act of penance
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005