Nizam al-Mulk

(redirected from Abu 'Ali Hasan ibn 'Ali)
Also found in: Dictionary.
Khwaja Nizam al-Mulk Tusi
BirthplaceTus, Iran

Nizam al-Mulk

(nĭz`əm äl mûlk), c.1018–92, vizier (1063–92) under two Seljuk (see TurksTurks,
term applied in its wider meaning to the Turkic-speaking peoples of Turkey, Russia, Central Asia, Xinjiang in China (Chinese Turkistan), Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, Iran, and Afghanistan.
..... Click the link for more information.
) sultans. Of Persian descent, he was early educated in administration, serving the Ghaznavids sultans. By 1059 he was chief administrator of Khorasan; in 1063 the Seljuks made him their vizier. Nizam al-Mulk remained in that position throughout the reigns of Alp ArslanAlp Arslan
, 1029–72, Seljuk sultan of Persia (1063–72). In 1065 he led the Seljuks in an invasion of Armenia and Georgia and in 1066 attacked the Byzantine Empire. The success of his campaign was crowned (1071) by his brilliant victory over Romanus IV at Manzikert.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and MalikshahMalikshah
, 1055–92, third sultan of the Seljuks (see Turks). In 1072 he succeeded his father to head an empire that controlled parts of Arabia, Mesopotamia, and areas near the Persian Gulf. His rule was aided by the powerful vizier, Nizam al-Mulk.
..... Click the link for more information.
. His power peaked under the latter, when he wrote the extensive treatise entitled Siyasat-nameh, or "Book of Government." A devout SunniSunni
[Arab. Sunna,=tradition], from ahl al-sunnah wa-l-jamaa [Arab.,=the people of the custom of the Prophet and community], the largest division of Islam. Sunni Islam is the heir to the early central Islamic state, in its ackowledgement of the legitimacy of the order of
..... Click the link for more information.
 Muslim, Nizam al-Mulk also founded a number of theological schools. He was assassinated in 1092.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nizam Al-Mulk


(personal name, Abu Ali Hasan ibn Ali). Born 1017, near Tus, Khorasan Province; died Oct. 14, 1092, near Nehavand. Statesman of the Seljuk state.

Son of a small-scale landowner, Nizam al-Mulk became vizier to Alp Arslan in 1063 and to Malik Shah in 1072. He supported strong central authority and expounded his views in Siyasatnama (On the History and Art of Government). Several editions of the Persian text of this work exist, along with French, Russian, German, and English translations. Nizam al-Mulk was murdered by the Ismailians.


Siaset-name: Kniga opravlenii vezira XI stoletiia Nizam al-Mul’ka. Moscow-Leningrad, 1949. (Translation, introduction, and notes by B. N. Zakhoder.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.