Abu Bakr


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Abu Bakr

(ä`bo͞o bäk`ər), 573–634, 1st caliph, friend, father-in-law, and successor of Muhammad. He was probably Muhammad's first convert outside the Prophet's family and alone accompanied Muhammad on the Hegira. The marriage of Abu Bakr's daughter AishahAishah
, c.614–678, third and favorite of the nine wives of Muhammad the Prophet. Her father was Abu Bakr, who became first caliph after the Prophet's death. She was married to the Prophet soon after the Hegira, his only wife that was neither a widow nor a divorcee.
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 to Muhammad made the ties even stronger. On the Prophet's death in 632, UmarUmar
or Omar
, c.581–644, 2d caliph (see caliphate). At first hostile to Islam, he was converted by 618, becoming an adviser to Muhammad. He succeeded Abu Bakr as caliph without opposition in 634. In his reign Islam became an imperial power.
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 secured Abu Bakr's election over the tribal chiefs and AliAli
(Ali ibn Abu Talib), 598?–661, 4th caliph (656–61). The debate over his right to the caliphate caused a major split in Islam into Sunni and Shiite branches, and he is regarded by the Shiites as the first Imam, or leader: Shiite derives from the phrase
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. The two years of his caliphate were critical for Islam. Though he was himself fervent rather than warlike, his party crushed opposition in Arabia and began the remarkable extension of Islam as a world religion. He was succeeded by Umar.
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References in periodicals archive ?
English: Al Farouk Mosque and Abu Bakr Al Sadeeq Mosque, Manama.
Summary: Laayoune - Slavery still practiced in the Tindouf camps (south-western Algeria) is completely unacceptable and cannot be silenced, president of the African-American congress Seddiq Abu Bakr Way said on Friday.
Swansea city have brought some more Caribbean flavour to the Liberty Stadium by giving Trinidad and Tobago defender Radanfah Abu Bakr a week-long trial.
The leader of the Jaamat-al-Muslimeen, Yasin Abu Bakr, has been charged with terrorism by Trinidad & Tobago authorities, reports Caribbean Net News (Nov.
Abu Bakr, a leading AlgerianAustralian cleric, was among nine men who appeared in Melbourne Magistrates' Court yesterday, charged with being members of a terror group.
Omar Al Faruq, an Al Qaida-trained Kuwaiti arrested in Indonesia in June and being held by US forces in Afghanistan, tells US interrogators that Abu Bakr Bashir, the spiritual leader of the Jemaah Islamiah group suspected of responsibility for the Oct.
Atef Abu Bakr, a former spokesman for Fatah-Revolutionary Council, the radical group headed by Abu Nidal, told the Arabic al-Hayat newspaper that Abu Nidal made the claim to a meeting of the group's council.
Dr Abu Bakr Uru head of the Laboratories Unit participated in the Third National Symposium of the National Research on Faith Centre entitled "Islam and contemporary issues" held in April.
A special memorial concert in Riyadh was held in honor of the late Abu Bakr Salem Belfkih, the 'golden voice' of the Arab world.
Sarah Abu Bakr, a young 34-year-old doctor, died on 13 October.
RAMALLAH, October 6, 2018 (WAFA) -- Chairman of the Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs Commission, Qadri Abu Bakr, blamed the Israeli government on Saturday for failing to provide treatment to Palestinian detainee in Israeli jails Rajai Abdul-Qadir, 35, who has been diagnosed with cancer.
For his part, the head of the prisoners and ex-prisoners' affairs committee, Major General Kadri Abu Bakr, blamed Israel for the crime of killing Zaghloul as a result of the brutal beating he was subjected to by Israeli special forces during his arrest from his home and transfer to the Halmish settlement.

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