Abu Dhabi

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Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi (äˈbo͞o ᵺäˈbē, zä–, dä–), Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom, c.26,000 sq mi (67,300 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab Emirates, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. The sheikhdom is the largest in the federation; in it is located the city of Abu Dhabi (2021 metro. area pop. 1,511,768), the capital and the second largest city of the United Arab Emirates. Founded c.1760, it is on an island on the coast of the sheikhdom and the neighboring mainland and is now a largely modern capital with many skyscrapers, among them the dramatically leaning Andaz Capital Gate (2011). Landmarks and attractions include the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque, Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Ferrari World Abu Dhabi, and Louvre Abu Dhabi Museum (designed by Jean Nouvel). The city became the capital of the United Arab Emirates when it was formed in 1971.

The history of Abu Dhabi was marked by violence within the ruling dynasty, and Abu Dhabi frequently clashed with the neighboring sheikhdom of Sharjah. In 1892 the sheikhdom became a British protectorate. There was a long period of tranquillity during the rule (1928–66) of Sheikh Shakhbut ibn Sultan, broken only by a war between Abu Dhabi and Dubai from 1945 to 1948. The pearling industry that once thrived in Abu Dhabi declined after oil was discovered there in the early 1960s. The abundant oil revenues have been used for development and modernization, and have enabled Abu Dhabi to play a generally dominant role in the federation. The current ruler is Sheikh Khalifa ibn Zaid Al Nahayan, who succeeded his father when the latter died in 2004.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Abu Dhabi

 

Abu-Zabi, town in Trucial Oman, administrative center of the sheikhdom of Abu Dhabi and now the capital of the United Arab Emirates. Situated on a coastal island in a bay on the Persian Gulf. Population, 6,000 to 7,000 (1961). Abu Dhabi is a commercial and transportation post and a center for oil extraction, pearl fishing, and commercial fishing.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Abu Dhabi

Persian Gulf sheikdom overflowing with petrodollars. [Mid-East Hist.: NCE, 9]
See: Wealth
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Abu Dhabi

a sheikhdom (emirate) of SE Arabia, on the S coast of the Persian Gulf: the chief sheikhdom and capital of the United Arab Emirates, consisting principally of the port of Abu Dhabi and a desert hinterland; contains major oilfields. Pop.: 476 000 (2005 est.). Area: 67 350 sq. km (25 998 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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