Abu Al-Faraj

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Bar-Hebraeus, Gregorius

Bar-Hebraeus, Gregorius (bär-hēbrēˈəs), 1226–86, Syrian scholar, bishop of the Jacobite Church. Partly Jewish in ancestry, his original name was Abu-al-Faraj. His most celebrated work is a chronicle in Syriac of the world from Adam down. His commentaries (in Arabic and Syriac) on Aristotle were widely known among Arabic-speaking scholars.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Abu Al-Faraj


(pen name, Grigorii Ioann Bar-eb-Reii). Born 1226 in Malatya, Turkey; died June 30,1286, in Maraga, southern Azerbaijan. Syrian writer, scholar, and physician.

Born into the family of a physician, Abu al-Faraj was a leader of the Syrian Christian Monophysites and the author of works on medicine, astronomy, philosophy, theosophy, and rhetoric. His literary legacy is enormous. His most interesting work is entitled A Book of Entertaining Stories, in which sermons on humility, piety, and other Christian virtues are suddenly interrupted by caustic remarks about rulers and by anecdotes and stories of an atheistic nature. Abu al-Faraj severely criticized greed, envy, stupidity, and verbosity. He compiled a Syrian grammar, The Book of Rays, and wrote the three-part Universal History.


In Russian translation:
Kniga zanimatel’nykh istorii. Edited with an introduction by N. Pigulevskia; afterword and commentary by A. Belov and L. Vil’sker. Moscow-Leningrad, 1961.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In his speech at the funeral, Arslan said: "Yesterday we buried Martyr Rami Salman and today we bid farewell to our Martyr Samer Abu Faraj, but that does not mean that their case will be buried." In this context, Arslan called on "the Judicial Council, which is an integral part of the Lebanese judiciary, to be responsible for protecting the country's security and stability." He added: "We do not support sedition, but those who attack us have to pay the price." R.K.
PSP leader Walid Joumblatt issued a tweet saying, "Salah Saab and Raed Saab suspected of fomenting the Choueifat incident were handed over, but we insist on arresting those who led to the martyrdom of Alaa Abu Faraj."
An October strike near Idlib targeted al-Nusra senior leader Ahmed Salama Mabroup, also known as Abu Faraj. Haydar Kirkan, who had ties to senior al Qaeda leaders, was killed in another October strike.
"The army and the National Defense Forces (NDF) raided the ISIL defense lines near Um Kadoum and Hosh Abu Faraj in the surroundings of the Southeastern city of Quaryatayn, killed many terrorists, and destroyed their weapons, vehicles," the army added.
Other units destroyed vehicles, some of which were equipped with heavy machineguns, and inflicted losses upon a group of ISIS terrorists that had infiltrated in the direction of Oum Kadoum and Hosh Abu Faraj in the surroundings of al-Qaryatain city 80 km southeast of Homs city.
Walid Abu Faraj and on the French side by the President of EDF Jean Bernad Levy and the President of Areva company Philip Paran.
He said that during these operation key leader of AlQeada Abu Faraj al-Libbi arrested.
The campaign's initiators include Faraj Mahmoud, a key figure in the Bedouin community, Mussalem Abu Faraj, of the Tarabin tribe, Ben Hoffler and Kareem Samy, founder of a hiking club.
Levy will be portraying Abu Faraj al-Libi, a senior member of al-Qaeda who was considered to be third in command of the organization.
A 2005 European Union intelligence report on al-Qa'ida's leadership, for example, mentioned an unidentified al-Qa'ida operative of Moroccan origin, based in the Afghanistan-Pakistan area and considered one of the main al-Qa'ida chiefs in that zone who "formerly acted as intermediary between Abu Faraj al-Libi and Western Europe, where he resided." (14)
American interrogators, whether former or current, have affirmed that Khaled Sheikh Mohammad, Abu Faraj al-Libi and Hassan Ghoul all denied they knew a courier known as Abu Ahmad al-Kuwaiti, who delivered letters for bin Laden.