Detect the implication on the change of landuse over different kind of physical environments around Abu Qir bay.
The third biggest administrate boundary is the west part of Abu Qir bay, which related to Alexandria Governorate, especially Abu Qir Suburb, which has a history related to the third century AD, when it was called "Apakir" relative to "Saint Kir" one of the martyrs who fought to spread the Christian religion in Egypt, this suburb has been formed in 1870 (Ramzy, 1960, 317).
This paper tries to study the change of these urban areas as one kind of different categories of land use/land cover around Abu Qir bay. To have this goal, the study used three satellite images layers, by three different dates, classified them to get Land use/ and cover maps.
Paper sheds light on population size and density in the administrative units around Abu Qir bay, to find the connection between population change, and urban change in the study area, in the period 1986-2013.
This paper interested in the environmental structure of the area around Abu Qir bay, has identified the landuse/ landcover, and focused on the urbanization change around the bay.
There are five main urban units around Abu Qir bay; Rashid city, Edko City, and the western part of the bay; twice Abu Qir, and Al-Ma'mora, which related to Alexandria governorate.
Urbanization goes, through the land around Abu Qir bay, dramatically, over most of the physical environment components, it started with 9% of the area in 1984 reached 34% in 2013, it gains around 87 square km.
In this respect, after full operation of Abu Qir power station, sea surface temperature in the study area recorded more local variations, which indicates to the role of high temperature cooling water discharged from Abu Qir power station as one of the main sources of thermal pollution in Abu Qir bay. Such thermal pollution has a wide range of biological and physical impacts, which need to be assessed through further work to determine the magnitude and spatial extent of each of these impacts.
Abdel Wahed (1999), "Effect of Surface Microlayer and Sediment Water Interface Layer on the Distribution of the Total Suspended Matter and Chlorophyll--A Contents in the Eastern Harbor and Abu Qir Bay," International Conference on Environmental Management, Health and Sustainable Development, Alexandria, Egypt, 22-25 March.