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(ä`bo͞olkä`sĭs) or

Abu Khasim

(ä`bo͞o kä`sĭm), Arab physician, d. c.1013, b. near Córdoba, Spain. His chief work, a detailed account of surgery and medicine, was for many years the leading surgical textbook. Known as the Tasrif [the collection], it consisted of three parts, dealing with cautery, with surgery, and with fractures and dislocations. It was translated many times into Latin and into other languages. His name also appears as Albucasis.
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There was also Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi, who was a surgeon, and was the first to devise medical equipment and paved the way for modern medical equipment used today.
But it was in the golden era of Islam that Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi, who has in his repertoire the vocation of being a cosmetologist, made the predecessor to modern lipstick.
Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi would never have guessed that one day surgical instruments would evolve to become as complex as they are today.

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