Abukir


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Abukir:

see Abu QirAbu Qir
or Abukir
, village, N Egypt, on a promontory in the Nile River delta. Admiral Horatio Nelson's victory over the French fleet off Abu Qir on Aug. 1–2, 1798 (sometimes called the battle of the Nile), restored British prestige in the Mediterranean region
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, Egypt.

Abukir

 

island and cape in Egypt, at the mouth of the Nile River on the Mediterranean Sea; a battle took place near there on Aug. 1–2, 1798, between the British, under Rear Admiral H. Nelson, and the French, led by Vice Admiral F. Brueys, during the Egyptian expedition of 1798–1801. The French fleet of 13 ships of the line and four frigates with 10,000 men and 1,183 guns lay at anchor in Abukir Bay, when, unexpectedly for the French, on August 1 the English fleet consisting of 14 ships of the line with 8,000 men and 1,012 guns approached Abukir. The battle began about 7 P.M. Nelson sent eight battleships, concentrating superior forces in the main direction, against the French vanguard of five battleships. Four of Nelson’s ships fired from the landward side, the others from the sea. Two English battleships fought against the ships of the French center. By 9 P.M., the vanguard and center of the French fleet had been thoroughly routed. The French rear guard under Rear Admiral P. C. Villeneuve, which had seen the destruction of the French ships only the day before, was defeated by noon of August 2. The French lost 11 battleships and two frigates; more than 6,000 Frenchmen were killed, wounded, or taken prisoner. The English lost about 900 men. The communication lines between France and Napoleon Bonaparte’s 30,000-man army in Egypt were broken.

REFERENCE

Istoriia voen.-mor. isk-va, vol. 2. Moscow, 1954. Pages 15–17.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lucia, Demerara, and Trinidad, and reorganized the defenses of Grenada (1795-1796); while in the Indies he introduced reforms, altering the uniform for tropical conditions and improving sanitation and health conditions; commander of British forces in Ireland (1797-1799); served with distinction in the Anglo-Russian campaign in Holland (August-October 1799); given command of British forces in the Mediterranean (1800); captured Minorca (1800) and commanded the well-conducted amphibious landing of an Anglo-Turkish army at Abukir (March 8, 1801); severely wounded in the thigh during the French attack there (night of March 20-21), he died from his wounds aboard H.
In reality, of course, the campaign was a disaster, with Nelson sinking the French fleet in Abukir Bay outside Alexandria, leaving the army stranded and its numbers whittled away by disease and sandstorms.
Napoleon's commander Admiral Villeneuve had been utterly defeated by Nelson at Abukir Bay in Egypt, where only two French ships got away, and this lesson was forever etched in his mind.