Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

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Azad, Maulana Abul Kalam

 

Born Sept. 11, 1888; died Feb. 22, 1958. Indian political figure and scholar. One of the leaders of the national liberation movement; a consistent advocate of unity between Hindus and Muslims. Descended from an old family of Delhi Muslim ulamas.

From 1912, Azad was a member of the Indian National Congress Party. During 1912–14 he published in Urdu the newspaper Al-Hilal (Fortnight), an organ of anti-English propaganda for the most radical segment of the Muslim bourgeois intelligentsia. Azad was one of the leaders of the campaigns of civil disobedience in 1919–22 and 1930. He headed Indian delegations in conducting negotiations with England in 1942, 1945, and 1946. He was the author of commentaries on the Koran and works on the philosophy and history of Urdu literature. In August 1947 he became minister of education in independent India.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Indiia dobivaetsia svobody. Moscow, 1961.

REFERENCE

Desai Mahadev. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. London, 1941.

L. R. POLONSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
Principal Coordinator of SDG to Prime Minister's Office M Abul Kalam Azad, power secretary Dr Ahmed Kaikaus and energy secretary Abu Hena M Rahmatul Munim spoke as special guests.
Summary: New Delhi [India], Aug 17 (ANI): Panjab University, Chandigarh has won the Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (MAKA) trophy, the Selection Committee for sports awards 2019 announced on Saturday.
Riyadh, July 24, 2019, SPA -- President of the Saudi Press Agency (SPA) Abdullah bin Fahd Al-Hussein and the Director General of the Bangladesh News Agency Abul Kalam Azad, currently on a visit to the Kingdom, co-signed here today a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on cooperation and news exchange between the two news agencies.
He also includes his own observations on three South Asian leaders Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Abul Kalam Azad and A.K.
During the event, the photo of Jinnah was put up along with that of several other notable personalities like Bahadur Shah Zafar, Tipu Sultan and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, among others.
He was readily helped by other great souls like Jayaprakash Narayan, Vinoba Bhave, politician Acharya Kripalani and other great people like Sardar Patel, Doctor Rajendra Prasad and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. But halfway through, India started mixing religion with politics, which acted adversely against the growth of genuine democratic institutions in the country.
Professor Dr Rafiuddin Hashmi said that Iqbal is a big name in our history; there were only few people who have thoroughly contributed in literary, social and political fields including Allama Iqbal, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Mohammad Ali Johar, Abul Kalam Azad, Maulana Moudodi.
In this regard, he pointed in particular to the efforts of Maulana Shibli Nomani, Abul Kalam Azad and others who played a key role to raise support for the Ottoman Empire.
Tribune News Network MES Indian School observed National Education Day, celebrated in India on November 11, to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a great freedom fighter, eminent educationalist and the first Education Minister of India.
His other works are Abul Kalam Azad Al-Hilal ke Aaine Mein, Ghubaar-e-Khaatir ka Tanqeedi Mut'aalaa, Shahr-e-Sitam (Poetry), and Raqs-e-Sharar, apart from 2004 (autobiography), and Intikhaab Ghazaliyaat Nazeer Akbarabadi.
A 500-words essay competition entitled “Moulana Abul Kalam Azad and Present-Day Education System in India” was also organized for all the students of GNIT.