Académie française

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Académie française:

see French AcademyFrench Academy
(L'Académie française), learned society of France. It is one of the five societies of the Institut de France. Development
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Académie Française


a French scholarly institution devoted to the study of language and literature and the establishment of linguistic and literary standards, especially through the creation of a dictionary of the French language (1694; 8th ed., 1931–35) and a grammar (1932); the academy also awards several literary prizes. The Académie Française is part of the Institut de France and comprises 40 members, known as the Immortals. Founded in 1635 on the initiative of Cardinal Richelieu, it was abolished by the National Convention in 1793 but was reestablished in 1803.

In the 17th century the academy sought to influence the development of literature, but during the 18th century, having become a purely honorary institution, its authority diminished. The academy is marked by traditionalism and a resistance to innovation.


Istoriia frantsuzskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Oster, D. Histoire de l’Académie Française. Paris [1970].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
When making the new spelling recommendations in 1990, the then "perpetual secretary" of the Academie Francais Maurice Druon wrote that "language is a living thing," adding that "work should begin again in 30 years, if not earlier."
Admittedly the Queen's English Society does not at present have the prestige of the Academie Francais - or even the OED - but a growing membership will increase its influence.
On This Day: 1635: Cardinal Richelieu founded the Academie Francais - to maintain the purity of the French language.
Artists featured: Chris Griffin, Philip Watkins, Luke Mintowt-Czyz, Keith Bayliss, Aneurin & Meirion Jones, Robert Greetham and Nikko Nonni, a Welsh artist, now member of the Academie Francais. Also featuring new designer jewellery, sculpture, ceramics and 3D works by Lynn Walters, Catherine Rich, Catherine Morris, Leonard Edger, Audrey Vincent and many others.
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