Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Academy of Sciences of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic


the highest scientific institution of the Uzbek SSR. Founded in 1943 on the basis of the Uzbek branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; located in Tashkent. In 1969 the membership of the academy included two honorary academicians, 48 academicians, and 56 corresponding members.

The system of the academy includes five divisions, the Karakalpak branch, and 28 scientific research institutes and institutions: the division of physics and engineering and mathematical sciences (scientific research institutes—nuclear physics, electronics, the S. V. Starodubtsev Institute of Engineering Physics, the V. I. Romanovskii Institute of Mathematics, mechanics of structure and earthquake-proof construction, cybernetics including a computer center, astronomy); the division of earth sciences (scientific research institutes—the Kh. M. Abdul-laev Institute of Geology and Geophysics, seismology); the division of chemical engineering and biological sciences (scientific research institutes—chemistry, chemistry of plant substances, experimental biology of plants, biochemistry, botany, zoology and parasitology, botanical garden, department of physiology, department of microbiology); the division of philosophical, economic, and juridical sciences (scientific research institutes—philosophy and law, economics); and the division of history, linguistics, and literary criticism (scientific research institutes—history and archaeology, the A. S. Pushkin Institute of Language and Literature, the Biruni Institute of Oriental Studies, the A. Navoi Museum of Literature, a museum of the history of the peoples of Uzbekistan). Incorporated in the Karakalpak branch are the integrated scientific research institute of the natural sciences and the N. Davkaraev institute of the History of Language and Literature. Other institutions include the council on the studies of productive forces of the republic, the fundamental library (1,750,000 items in 1968), and the Fan publishing house.

The leading research trends are work on problems connected with the cultivation and processing of cotton plants, geology and seismology, nuclear physics, radiation physics of solids, activation analysis, chemistry of plant substances, chemistry of fertilizers, plant and animal physiology, the economy of the republic, history of progressive social philosophical thought of the peoples of central Asia, history of the Soviet state and law in Uzbekistan, and the history, literature, and language of the Uzbek and Karakalpak people.

The academy has published Izvestiia in two series (since 1940) and 11 journals, and is preparing the Uzbek Soviet Encyclopedia for publication.

Presidents of the academy have been T. N. Kary-Niiazov (1943–47), T. A. Sarymsakov (1947–52), T. Z. Zakhidov (1952–56), Kh. M. Abdullaev (1956–62), U. A. Arifov (1962–66), and A. S. Sadykov (since 1966).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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