Acadia

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Acadia

(əkā`dēə), Fr. Acadie, region and former French colony, E Canada, encompassing modern Nova ScotiaNova Scotia
[Lat.,=new Scotland], province (2001 pop. 908,007), 21,425 sq mi (55,491 sq km), E Canada. Geography

One of the Maritime Provinces, Nova Scotia comprises a mainland peninsula and, across the Canso Strait, the adjacent Cape Breton Island.
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 but also New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and coastal areas of E Maine. After an abortive 1604 settlement of St. Croix (Dochet) Island, in the Saint CroixSaint Croix.
1 River, 75 mi (121 km) long, rising in the Chiputneticook Lakes and flowing SE to Passamaquoddy Bay, forming part of the U.S.-Canada border; navigable to Calais, Maine. The river is used for power and to float logs downstream.
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 River, the chief town, Port Royal (now Annapolis RoyalAnnapolis Royal,
town (1991 pop. 633), W N.S., Canada, on the Annapolis River. Founded as Port Royal by the sieur de Monts in 1605, the settlement was destroyed (1613) by English colonists under Samuel Argall but was rebuilt by the French.
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, N.S.), was founded by the sieur de Monts in 1605. Acadia was soon involved in the imperial struggle that would end in America with the French and Indian WarsFrench and Indian Wars,
1689–1763, the name given by American historians to the North American colonial wars between Great Britain and France in the late 17th and the 18th cent.
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. Destroyed by English colonists under Samuel ArgallArgall, Sir Samuel
, d. 1626?, English ship captain, prominent in the early settlement of Virginia. He commanded a ship sent to Jamestown in 1609 and had charge of one of the ships Baron De la Warr brought to the failing colony in 1610.
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 in 1613, Port Royal was rebuilt, and the colony prospered with farmers on dike-protected fields, fishermen on the shore, and fur traders in the forests. Later, attacks on Port Royal were resumed, and its capture by the British (New Englanders) in 1710 was formalized in the Peace of Utrecht (1713). The British distrusted the Acadians, who, wishing to remain neutral, generally refused to swear allegiance to Great Britain. In 1755 most inhabitants were deported to British colonies along the Atlantic coast south to Georgia; some were sent to the West Indies and Europe. A second expulsion took place in 1758. Many Acadians fled into the interior of what is now New Brunswick, where today they form close to 40% of the population. Others returned later from exile, some establishing themselves on the west ("French") coast of Nova Scotia. Today in Canada, an Acadian (French Acadien) is a French-speaking inhabitant of the Maritime Provinces; the Acadian community is largely integrated into the national culture, and New Brunswick is the most truly bilingual of the Canadian provinces. Of the exiles who did not return the most celebrated are those who settled in "Acadiana" or "Cajun Country," around St. Martinville in S Louisiana, where the Cajuns maintain a distinctive culture. The sufferings of the 1750s expulsion from Acadia are pictured in Longfellow's Evangeline.

Bibliography

See A. H. Clark, Acadia: The Geography of Early Nova Scotia to 1760 (1968); J. M. Faragher, A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from Their American Homeland (2005).

Acadia

1. 
a. the Atlantic Provinces of Canada
b. the French-speaking areas of these provinces
2. (formerly) a French colony in the present-day Atlantic Provinces: ceded to Britain in 1713
References in periodicals archive ?
Ce type de migrants procede a un calcul linguistique en fonction de ses interets individuels ; il ne ressent pas de responsabilite particuliere envers la survie du francais en Acadie pas plus qu'il n'interprete ses choix linguistiques comme ayant une incidence particuliere sur la vitalite de la communaute francophone locale.
List to the mournful tradition, still sung by the pines of the forest; List to a Tale of Love in Acadie, home of the happy.
En Acadie, la coutume veut qu'on fasse connaissance en se renseignant sur le lieu d'origine de la personne reneontree.
Given the fact that Acadie moderne had little connection with the events of the early seventeenth century, the real moment of birth, and the one that visibly connected with the audiences, was the emergence of elements of a new Acadian identity in the late 1800s.
C'est ainsi que Massicotte documente les processus menant a la creation d'une << tradition sociologique unique en Acadie >>, la region acadienne-francaise des provinces atlantiques canadiennes.
It is also important to mention that there are many benefits to joining the Acadie E-com.
My Acadie has a flag, a language, an anthem, [and a] national day.
Chabot coached the Olympiques for four seasons, then spent the last two years coaching the QMJHL's Acadie Bathurst Titans.
The Acadian adventure began in the early seventeenth century with the settlement of the first French colonists in what is today Nova Scotia, known to the French as Acadie.
On Arizona Avenue where the rampage occurred, Marina Boisson of Acadie Hand Crafted French Crepes remembers the screams -- and the bodies.
So asked Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his epic 1847 poem Evangeline, a Tale of Acadie.
A colossal spectacle entitled L'Odysee and also written by Maillet was created in 2004 (and remounted in 2005 and 2006) as part of celebrations marking the 400th anniversary of the first French settlement in North America and the founding of Acadie.