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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Araliaceae. They are small trees, thorny bushes, or tall perennial grasses. The flowers occur in umbels, often in complex paniculate inflorescences, and, less frequently, singly or in racemes. There are 35 species in the tropics and subtropics of the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are five species in the Far East. Many varieties of Aralia are cultivated in greenhouses as decorative plants; in the southern USSR, they grow outdoors.

Several species of other genera in the same family are also known as aralia. The rice-paper tree (Tetrapanax papyriferum) is a small tree native to the island of Taiwan. In China, paper is made from the pulp of its trunk. In the USSR, the rice-paper tree may be cultivated on the Black Sea shore of the Caucasus. Japanese aralia (Fatsia japonica) is a small tree native to Japan. In the USSR it is widely cultivated as an indoor and hothouse plant; in the Black Sea shore region of the Crimea and the Caucasus it grows outdoors.


Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 5. Moscow-Leningrad, 1960.
Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovadstvo. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Papain digestion sequence of Brazilian samples of Acanthophora muscoides (Rhodophyta) reveals a good strategy for biochemical and structural featuring of the sulfated polysaccharides present in its cell-wall extracellular matrix, when analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance experiments and agarose and polyacrylamide gels electrophoreses procedures.
Synoposis of Solanum section Acanthophora,: a group of interest for glycoalkaloids, pp.
triquetrum, Acanthophora sp., Caulerpa spp.), uno en diclorometano (Acanthophora sp.), y uno en hexano (Caulerpa maxicana), siendo los 2 ultimos extractos los mas relevantes.
In a laboratory study, rabbitfish fed preferentially on the red alga Acanthophora spicifera over L.
The only other study investigating distribution patterns of neotropical species groups of Solanum was that undertaken by Whalen (1983), using four largely weedy groups of solanums (sections Androceras, Brevantherum, Lasiocarpa, and Acanthophora).
The dominant epiphytes, and their natural cover proportions (digitized from stop-action quadrats of the macrovideo transects, see populational survey below), were the macrophytes Amphiroa fragilissima (mean [+ or -] 1 SE = 28 [+ or -] 5%), Dictyota pulchella (27 [+ or -] 3%), Spyridia complanata (19 [+ or -] 4%), Laurencia intricata (15 [+ or -] 4%) and Acanthophora spicifera (11 [+ or -] 3%).
Algae were represented most commonly by Acanthophora spicifera (22%), Caulerpa racemosa (17%), and Ceramium nitens (13%).
(2016) revealed that a native SPs fraction and its various chemically (HCl treated)-modified products from the red seaweed Acanthophora muscoides attenuated coagulation status activated by the use of cephalin in an in vitro TG continuous system.
Although substrate in the three sites was covered by seagrasses and macroalgae, in Site 1 Thalassia testudinum with patches of macroalgae Bryothamnion seaforthii ((Turner) Kiitzing) and Acanthophora spicifera ((M.Vahl) Borgesen) were predominant; in Site 2 Halodule wrightii and Syringodium filiforme were the main vegetation with lesser presence of T.