Acanthophyllum

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Acanthophyllum

 

a genus of plants of the family Caryophyllaceae. They are subshrubs or, sometimes, perennial herbs with many-branched stems that often form spiny semispherical cushions. The leaves are opposite, usually subulate, and prickly. There are approximately 50 species in the arid regions of Asia. In the USSR there are more than 30 species, distributed predominantly in Middle Asia and in the Caucasus. The species A. glandulosum, a small prickly subshrub, is found in Turkmenia and Western Pamir. Its roots, which are called Turkestan soaproot, contain saponin, which is used in the food and textile industries and as a detergent. Other species of Acanthophyllum also contain saponin—for example, A. gypsophiloides and A. paniculatum. These two species, which are perennial herbs with nonprickly leaves, are sometimes assigned to the genus Allochrusa.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Also, some species, including Acanthophyllum sp., Noaea mucronata and Scariola orientalis in Shirali Rangeland had higher canopy cover than the other areas (p Less than 0.001 and p Less than 0.005).
Effects of salinity on growth, proteins and antioxidant enzymes in three Acanthophyllum species of different ploidy levels.