Acanthuridae


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Acanthuridae

[ə‚kan′thu̇·rə·dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The surgeonfishes, a family of perciform fishes in the suborder Acanthuroidei.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Acanthuridae

 

(tangs, surgeonfishes), a family of fishes of the order Perciformes. The Acanthuridae measure 15–60 cm in length. The body, extremely flattened laterally, is covered with tiny, coarse scales. Each side of the caudal stalk has one or two bony shields equipped with a pointed keel, spike, or sharp, movable knifelike spine. The spine, which is concealed under the skin, can be abruptly erected to wound enemies.

The family consists of nine genera, embracing 300 species. Many are brightly and fantastically colored. The genus Acanthurus lives in all oceans except the northern Arctic; the rest are distributed mainly near the coasts of Southeast Asia and western India. No species inhabit seas of the USSR. The Acanthuridae live in shallows near the bottom, most often among coral reefs and rocks. The larvae feed on plankton, and adults are mainly herbivorous. The flesh of the Acanthuridae is edible but of little commercial value. Some species are poisonous.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A total of four species of Acanthuridae, all belonging to the genus Acanthurus, are present in western Atlantic [7].
On an unusual massive recruitment of the reef fish Ctenochaetus strigosus (Bennett) (Perciformes: Acanthuridae) to the Minicoy Atoll and its significance.
Movement patterns, home range size and habitat utilization of the blue spine unicornfish, Naso unicorns (Acanthuridae) in a Hawaiian marine reserve.
(Unindentified larvae) I Coryphopterus glaucofraenum Gill, 1863 PR Ctenogobius boleosoma PR (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882) Ctenogobius saepepallens O (Gilbert & Randall, 1968) Gobiosoma hemigymnum PR (Eigenmann & Eigenmann, 1888) Acanthuridae Acanthurus bahianus Castelnau, 1855 O Acsnthurus chirurgus (Bloch, 1787) O Psralichthyidae Etropus longimanus Norman, 1933 T Tetrsodontidae Sphoeroides greeleyi (Gilbert, 1900) T
Unidentified mullet Sphyraenidae, Barracudas 128 Sphyraena barracuda Great barracuda 129 Sphyraena picudilla Southern sennet Acanthuridae, Surgeonfishes 130 Acanthurus bahianus Ocean surgeon 131 Acanthurus chirurgus Doctorfish 132 Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang Scombridae, Mackerels/Tunas 133 Acanthocybium solandri Wahoo 134 Euthynnus alletteratus Little tunny 135 Katsuwonus pelamis Skipjack tuna 136 Sarda sarda Atlantic bonito 137 Scomberomorus cavalla King mackerel 138 Scomberomorus maculatus Spanish mackerel 139 Scomberomorus regalis Cero mackerel 140 Thunnus albacares Yellowfin tuna 141 Thunnus atlanticus Blackfin tuna 142 Thunnus obesus Bigeye tuna 143 Thunnus spp.
Por otra parte, se observo la presencia de peces en estadio juvenil, principalmente de las familias Scaridae, Haemulidae, Labridae, Lutjanidae, Pomacentridae y Acanthuridae, lo que sugiere que el parque de Xel-Ha esta funcionando como una zona de crianza.
Otras especies con relevancia en el mercado internacional pertenecen al grupo de los peces cirujanos (Acanthuridae), los labridos (Labridae), gobios (Gobiidae) y pez mariposa (Chaetodontidae), que en conjunto cons-tituyen el 33% (Wabnitz et al., 2003; Bruckner, 2005; Rajasekar et al., 2009).
and Labridae sp., tangs from Acanthuridae sp., and scales from Ostraciidae sp.
In declining order of importance, these families were the Scaridae, Acanthuridae, Holocentridae (exclusively of the subfamily Holocentrinae, the squirrelfishes), Monacanthidae, Priacanthidae, Chaetodontidae, Aulostomidae, and Cirrhitidae (Table 2).
Volume 8 (Fowler and Bean, 1929) treated the Caproidae, Scorpidae, Monodactylidae, Platacidae, Ephippidae, Toxotidae, Scatophagidae, Chaetodontidae, Acanthuridae, and Siganidae.