accident

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accident

1. Logic Philosophy a nonessential attribute or characteristic of something (as opposed to substance)
2. Metaphysics a property as contrasted with the substance in which it inheres
3. Geology a surface irregularity in a natural formation, esp in a rock formation or a river system

Accident

 

in philosophy, a term for the incidental or immaterial as opposed to the substantial or essential.

It is first encountered in Aristotle’s Metaphysics and Physics; later Porphyry divided accidents into those which are separable—for example, a dream for a man—and those which are inseparable—for example, dark skin pigmentation for a Negro. The concept of accident was developed in scholasticism, which viewed several characteristics of things as “real accidents,” existing on their own without regard for the substances in which they are usually inherent. Descartes, Hobbes, and other 17th-century philosophers rejected the existence of “real accidents”; following this vein, Spinoza replaced the term “accident” with the term “modus,” by which he meant the isolated manifestation of substance. The concept of accident is encountered in Kant, Fichte, and other philosophers of the 18th and 19th centuries and also in formal logic—for example, in J. S. Mill and F. C. S. Schiller.

V. V. SOKOLOV


Accident

 

in civil law, a circumstance leading to the nonfulfillment or improper fulfillment of obligations by a debtor, without the debtor or the creditor subject to blame. As a general rule, an accident frees the debtor of liability involving his own assets.

In Soviet law, the responsibility for accidents is acknowledged only under circumstances specified by law. For example, enterprises especially established to store property, such as storage and cold-storage enterprises, are held liable for accidents. The same is true of organizations and citizens whose work or other activity entails risk or danger, such as transport organizations and motor vehicle owners. Air transport organizations are held liable for death, maiming, or other injury to a passenger during takeoff, landing, or flight, as well as during the boarding and deplaning of passengers. This applies not only to accidents but also to the effects of force majeure, as stipulated in Article 101 ofthe Air Code of the USSR.

What does it mean when you dream about an accident?

Accident dreams can represent a variety of different situations, from straightforward fears of being in an actual, physical accident (or memories of such an accident) to a sense that one is headed for a more metaphorical “crack up.” We may be so preoccupied with something that we are not paying attention, or so involved in the rat race that we need to slow down. As extensions of ourselves, vehicles often represent the physical body, so an accident dream may indicate a health problem or anxieties about health. If the general tone of the dream is positive (even if violent), accidents may symbolize something or some part of life of which one is letting go.

accident

[′ak·sə‚dent]
(hydrology)
An interruption in a river that interferes with, or sometimes stops, the normal development of the river system.

accident

A sudden, unexpected event identifiable as to time and place. Also see occurrence.

accident

An occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft that takes place between the time any person boards the aircraft with the intention of flying until the time that all such persons have disembarked, in which
i. A person is fatally or seriously injured as a result of (a) being in the aircraft; (b) direct contact with any part of the aircraft, including parts that have become detached; or (c) direct exposure to jet blast, except when the injuries are the result of natural causes, self-inflicted, inflicted by other persons, or to stowaways hiding outside the areas normally available to the passengers and crew. For statistical uniformity only, an injury resulting in death within 30 days of the accident is classified as fatal.
ii. The aircraft sustains damage or structural failure that (a) adversely affects its structural strength, performance, or flight and (b) would normally require major repairs or replacement of the affected component, except for engine failure or damage limited to the engine, its cowlings, or accessories; propellers; wing tips; antennae; tires; brakes; fairings; small dents; or puncture holes in the aircraft skin.
iii. The aircraft is missing or is completely inaccessible. An aircraft is considered missing when the official search has been terminated and the wreckage has not been located.

accident

In risk management, any unanticipated or unpredictable event that may interfere with normal functions or cause logical or physical damage to data.
References in periodicals archive ?
International accidental Death and Dismemberment Insurance market can be segmented into various types by its product kinds.
He further submits that the respondents were liable to be paid a sum of Rs.1,000,000 under the insurance policy and that the payment by way of accidental death benefit was liable to be made to the respondents.
The policy provided $50,000 in life insurance and an additional $100,000 in accidental death and dismemberment payments that were payable if Stoulig "die[d] as a direct result of an injury."
Malik said, "Accidental Death Insurance through SNIC is the scheme to register the applicants for death insurance.
"The Family Income Protection package gives our customers the peace of mind that their families will be provided with the financial security they need to manage monthly payments (such as rent, loans or credit cards), and other family responsibilities like childcare and household expenses, in the event of accidental death or permanent total disability due to an accident," stated Abdulla Al Najran Al Tuwaijri, NBK deputy general manager, Consumer Banking Group.
Following an inquest in Chester-le-Street, North Durham coroner Andrew Tweddle instructed the jury that the only verdict they could reach yesterday was one of accidental death.
Dubai Dubai Islamic Bank (DIB) announced yesterday the launch of Al Islami Takaful Riayati, a comprehensive accidental death and disability insurance plan offered at a very affordable annual premium.
Accidental death is common, but there are times when it's not so accidental.
Over the past two days, I have learned from multiple independent sources of the accidental death of a monkey at a preclinical facility in the U.S.
INCIDENT: Mown down by lorry as he stepped into the street to save a child from being run over VERDICT: Accidental death DATE: August 14, 1986 LOCATION: Outside his house in Alber t Square 1
The accidental death of an 11-month-old Tipton baby boy who fell from a first-floor window was "every parent's worst nightmare", a coroner said at an inquest.