goshawk

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Related to Accipiter gentilis: goshawk, Northern Goshawk

goshawk:

see hawkhawk,
name generally applied to the smaller members of the Accipitridae, a heterogeneous family of diurnal birds of prey, such as the eagle, the kite, and the Old World vulture.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Goshawk

 

(Accipiter gentilis), a bird of prey of the family Accipitridae. The goshawk ranges from 52 to 70 cm in length and from 0.55 to 1.8 kg in weight. The females are larger than the males. The short broad wings and long tail enable the goshawk to dash with extreme agility through thick forests in pursuit of its prey. The back is blue-gray, and the underparts are barred; in young birds, the underparts are streaked.

The goshawk is distributed primarily in the forest zone of Europe, Asia, and North America and in the mountains of northwestern Africa. It is nonmigratory or weakly migratory. The preferred habitat is forests, where it nests in trees. A clutch contains three or four eggs, which for the most part are incubated by the female; the incubation period is about 35 days. The diet consists of birds and mammals to the size of a hare. On game farms, the goshawk can at times be destructive; in all areas, however, it is greatly reduced in numbers, so that the harm it causes is of small consequence. The goshawk is sometimes used in falconry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

goshawk

a large hawk, Accipiter gentilis, of Europe, Asia, and North America, having a bluish-grey back and wings and paler underparts: used in falconry
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Feeding ecology of a population of goshawk Accipiter gentilis. J Ornithol.
This is consistent with the IOP of adult and juvenile northern goshawks (Accipiter gentilis), common buzzards, and common kestrels (Falco tinnunculus).
One year later, in August 2004, a goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) fledgling showed central nervous system symptoms and died in a national park in southeastern Hungary.
(1) Species 1993 1994 Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus Vieillot 6 8 Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis Linnaeus 0 1 Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus Pontoppidan 18 0 Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus Linnaeus 5 1 Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus Gmelin 2 4 Northern Hawk-owl Surnia ulula Linnaeus 5 7 Merlin Falco columbarius Linnaeus 14 16 American Kestrel Falco sparverius Linnaeus 8 4 (1) Numbers include individuals seen outside of survey routes but within the study area.
In a study performed in free-living goshawks (Accipiter gentilis), culture of the feet of these birds identified numerous species, including Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermis, but also many enteric-associated bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Enterobacter species.
(3,4) Vertical transmission of Mycoplasma species in raptors was evaluated by culture and PCR testing of eggs and unhatched chick embryos, and only one egg from an imprinted, nonbreeding northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) was positive on culture and PCR testing (n = 424, 0.2% prevalence).
(21-24) These reports include the repair of a large open wound on the distal antebrachium of a great horned owl (Bubo virginianus) (22); degloving injuries on the heads of northern goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) (23); and wounds on the head of a red-tailed hawk, rock dove (Columba livia), and ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus colchicus).
Results showed IOP values varied by family and species, with the following mean IOP values (mm Hg [+ or -] SD) determined: white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), 26.9 [+ or -] 5.8; red kite (Milvus milvus), 13.0 [+ or -] 5.5; northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), 18.3 [+ or -] 3.8; Eurasian sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), 15.5 [+ or -] 2.5; common buzzard (Buteo buteo), 26.9 [+ or -] 7.0; common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), 9.8 [+ or -] 2.5; peregrine falcon, (Falco peregrinus), 12.7 [+ or -] 5.8; tawny owl (Strix aluco), 9.4 [+ or -] 4.1; long-eared owl (Asio otus), 7.8 [+ or -] 3.2; and barn owl (Tyto alba), 10.8 [+ or -] 3.8.
Serum chemistry panels and complete mineral and heavy metal screens were performed on blood samples from eight adult northern goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) breeding in Pennsylvania.
(29,30) Pinched-off feathers have been described in different raptor species, such as the northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis), (32-34) the lizard buzzard (Kaupifalco monogrammicus), (31) and the common buzzard (Buteo buteo).
The digital egg monitor was also used to measure the heart rate of peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) and Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis) embryos.