Aceh

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Related to Aceh Province: Aceh Darussalam, Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

Aceh

(ä`chā), special region (1980 pop. 2,875,634), 21,387 sq mi (55,392 sq km), N Sumatra, Indonesia, formerly known as Atjeh or Achin. The capital and largest city is Banda Aceh. The northernmost province of Sumatra, Aceh has rich petroleum and natural gas deposits as well as valuable rubber, oil palm, and timber resources. The Acehnese, like most Indonesians, are Muslim, but are generally more conservative. Gunung Leuser National Park is in SE Aceh.

A kingdom in N Sumatra is recorded by the 6th-cent. A.D. Chinese. By the 8th cent. Islam had arrived, and a number of Muslim kingdoms and sultanates were subsequently established in the region. Aceh (Achin) reached the height of its power in the early 17th cent. The Dutch gained control of the coast in 1873 and engaged in a partly successful effort to subdue the interior until c.1910.

Aceh also resisted Indonesian control and in 1959 was designated a special region with autonomy in religion, culture, and education. Late in 1976 the Movement for a Free Aceh declared the province independent but was suppressed; guerrilla warfare resumed in the late 1980s and continued through the rest of the century. A peace agreement providing for greater Acehnese autonomy was signed in 2002, but with neither side willing to compromise, Indonesia ended the subsequent talks in 2003, imposed martial law (reduced to a state of emergency in 2004 and ended in 2005), and launched new attacks against the rebels.

Many coastal areas in Aceh were devastated by an intense offshore earthquake and resulting tsunami in Dec., 2004; some 166,000 died in the province. In the aftermath, the rebels and government held a series of talks aimed at ending the fighting. A new peace accord, calling for the rebels to disarm, government forces to be reduced, and for local self-government to be established in Aceh, was signed in Aug., 2005. Some 15,000 people are believed to died as a result of the conflict. An autonomy law for Aceh was passed by the Indonesian parliament in 2006, and the first government under it was elected later in the year. Parts of N Aceh were devastated by an earthquake in Dec., 2017, but the damage was much less extensive and deadly than in 2004.

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Aceh

an autonomous region of N Indonesia, in N Sumatra; mountainous with rain forests; scene of separatist conflict since the later 1990s; coastal areas suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Capital: Banda Aceh. Pop.: 3 930 905 (2000). Area: 55 392 sq. km (21 381 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier, a 8.5 magnitude quake also struck the waters of Sinabang, Simeulue, Aceh province on Wednesday at 3.38 pm local time.
The Ministry of Health said the injuries were reported from Simeulue Island off Aceh Province.
Indonesian authorities may ban foreigners from entering troubled Aceh province after a German tourist was shot dead in an area where government troops were battling separatist rebels, an army spokesman said yesterday.
Banda Aceh, Dhu-AlHijjah 3, 1432, Oct 30, 2011, SPA -- An earthquake measuring 5.0 on the Richter scale shook Sigli areas in Banda Aceh and Pidie Jaya, Aceh province on Sunday.
Lawyers for two women, one a British academic, accused of violating their visas by contacting separatist rebels in Indonesia's strife-torn Aceh province predicted the pair would be sentenced to four-and-a-half months in prison.
Summary: Jakarta, June 03, 2010, SPA -- Hasan Muhammad di Tiro, the former leader of the now-disbanded separatist movement in Indonesia&'s Aceh province, died Thursday at the age of 84, dpa reported.
Aceh Province Police Chief Adityawarman said police killed two armed men in front of the Leupung police office in Aceh Besar Regency, around 50 kilometers west of the provincial capital Banda Aceh.
In December 2004, an M9.0 earthquake off Aceh Province on the northern tip of Sumatra and subsequent tsunamis killed about 200,000 people in Aceh and tens of thousands of others in Thailand, Sri Lanka, India and other areas around the perimeter of the Indian Ocean.
Angry residents in Indonesia's Aceh Province cut the power to a tsunami warning siren that went off accidentally earlier this week, causing thousands of residents to flee for higher ground, an official said Thursday.
A tsunami warning siren went off accidentally in the capital of Indonesia's tsunami-devastated Aceh Province on Monday, causing thousands of residents to flee from their homes and run to higher ground, officials and witnesses said.
The Jakarta-based private radio station Elshinta reported the quake was also felt in Aceh Province, on the northern tip of Sumatra, where a powerful earthquake and subsequent tsunami killed about 200,000 people in December 2004, along with tens of thousands in Thailand, Sri Lanka, India and other areas around the perimeter of the Indian Ocean.
The Aceh Monitoring Mission said Monday it has extended its stay to oversee the peace process in Indonesia's Aceh Province until Dec.