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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a people in Indonesia living in the northern part of the island of Sumatra, in the region of the former sultanate of Achin. In 1967 the population was estimated at 1.7 million.

The Achinese language, a member of the Indonesian group, is spoken. The religion is Islam. The chief occupation is the farming of rice, black pepper, coconut, rubber plants, and so on. Native crafts include weaving, plaiting of mats, metal-working, and boat building. The Achinese have a literature that is rich and original.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Ensuring that Acehnese women can fully participate in political and economic life will make a critical difference in the effort to overcome the legacies of conflict and natural disaster and to build a vibrant society.
Caption: Acehnese residents pray in front of the Baiturrahman mosque in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, Aug.
An Acehnese worker assembles houses for tsunami victims in Khaju village, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
The Acehnese live by shariah law and they are one of the most religious people in all of Indonesia.
Both Hotli and Nani told me that many Acehnese men and women were being harassed, scolded, beaten and even killed by Indonesian soldiers.
Originally, the Acehnese fought the Dutch and now they are fighting the national Indonesian government in Jakarta.
The Acehnese developed a rich culture, one of whose distinctive features are texts and oral recitals called hikayat, many of which are in verse form.
TSUNAMI survivor Acehnese Rizal Shahputra stands on tree branches and waves to a passing cargo ship after being spotted by the crew of a container vessel in the Indian Ocean, 100 miles from the shores of Aceh province, Indonesia.
As many as 30,000 - of the roughly 80,000 Acehnese known to have died - perished in this city.
The Indonesian government thus fulfilled the demands made by previous generations of Acehnese nationalists for Provincial and Islamic autonomy (Aspinall 2003: 50).
The Acehnese make no claim to a distinct ethnicity or, necessarily, political ideology.