vinegar

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vinegar,

sour liquid consisting mainly of acetic acid and water, produced by the action of bacteria on dilute solutions of ethyl alcohol derived from previous yeast fermentationfermentation,
process by which the living cell is able to obtain energy through the breakdown of glucose and other simple sugar molecules without requiring oxygen. Fermentation is achieved by somewhat different chemical sequences in different species of organisms.
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. The coloring and flavoring are characteristic of the alcoholic liquor (as cider, beer, wine, fermented fruit juices, solutions of barley malt, hydrolyzed cereals, starches, or sugars) from which the vinegar is made. Vinegar is used as a salad dressing, a preservative, a household remedy to allay irritations, a mild disinfectant, and, in cooking, as a fiber softener. Vinegar has been known from antiquity as a natural byproduct of wine; the name is derived from the French vin aigre [sour wine]. The manufacture as a separate industry began in France in the 17th cent. The wasteful, slow, or natural, process, a spontaneous fermentation in casks half full of beechwood shavings exposed to the atmosphere by bung holes, was superseded in the early 19th cent. by the quick, or generator, method. The generator used in present-day commercial manufacture is usually a tall, truncated cone or vertical, wood tank with a false bottom perforated to admit air that is generally forced through by a blower. The alcoholic solution is allowed to drip through a filling of hard-wood shavings or other material presenting a large surface area. Vinegar made by this method must be aged to remove a natural harshness. It is generally clarified, then pasteurized. Some vinegars are subjected to distillation which removes most of the flavorings other than acetic acid. In another process, the solution is aerated directly by a spinning rotor. The wood shavings are not needed in this case, and the process runs continuously. Acetic fermentation may be impeded by an excessive growth of mother of vinegar, a slimy mass of bacteria, or of the parasitic vinegar eel, a minute, threadlike worm.

vinegar

[′vin·ə·gər]
(materials)
The product of the incomplete oxidation to acetic acid of ethyl alcohol produced by a primary fermentation of vegetable materials; contains not less than 4 grams of acetic acid per gallon; used in preparation of pickled fruits and vegetables and in salad dressing.

vinegar

given to Jesus to drink. [N.T.: Matthew 26:34, 48]

vinegar

a sour-tasting liquid consisting of impure dilute acetic acid, made by oxidation of the ethyl alcohol in beer, wine, or cider. It is used as a condiment or preservative
References in periodicals archive ?
As previously announced, Aceto and its US subsidiaries filed voluntary petitions under Chapter 11 of the US Bankruptcy Code in the US Bankruptcy Court for the District of New Jersey (Newark) on February 19, 2019 to facilitate the sales of both its chemicals business assets and its subsidiary Rising Pharmaceuticals and to satisfy its debt obligations.
Lowenstein Sandler LLP is acting as legal advisor to Aceto. PJT Partners LP is acting as Acetos financial advisor and investment banker to lead the sales processes under the bidding procedures.
Rising's continued growth marks an important step in its parent Aceto's strategic evolution in the finished-dose human health market.
The cosmetic and personal care division of Aceto Corporation, Inter Actifs is specialized in quality sourcing and high-added value ingredients.
In the 400m race, Aceto just had the edge in the breaststroke leg - but Gordon was still closing it down in the freestyle where she had to settle for silver in a personal best 4-57.87.
Lake Success, NY-based Aceto Corporation, incorporated in 1947, is a global leader in the sourcing, regulatory support, marketing and distribution of chemically-derived pharmaceuticals, biopharmaceuticals, specialty chemicals and agrochemicals.
Season with salt, pepper and pour the Aceto Balsamico Bianco onto the entire mix.
The soft drinks company said that Lou Aceto will join Purple from Red Bull, where he was responsible for "placing the product on the shelves of convenience and grocery store chains and petrol stations" across New England and New York in the United States.
By achieving the BRC standard, Southampton Fruit Handling Ltd reassures its customers in the Canary Islands--Fedex y Aceto Las Palmas y Tenerife--that their fruit produce is still of the highest quality prior to entering the distribution and retail links in the UK supply chain.
Oren Gradus made a sonorous and lively Leporello, fellow bass Raymond Aceto delivered the Commendatore's thundered commands with gritty strength and Garrett Sorenson sang Don Ottavio's comparatively weak-kneed music (mysteriously minus "Dalla sua pace") with strong, bright tone.
Judge Mark Aceto also ordered Sprigg to register as a sex offender.
"I love you daddy, I miss you a lot," said Christina Maria Aceto, 12, after reading the name of her father, Richard Anthony Aceto.