Achillea


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Achillea

 

(yarrow), a genus of plants of the family Compositae. The plants are perennial herbs with entire, pinnatilobate, or pinnatisect leaves. The inflorescences are small many-flowered heads, which are for the most part gathered into a common corymb. Solitary heads are rare. The ray flowers are pistillate and ligulate; their coloration is white, pink, red, or yellow. The disk flowers are bisexual and tubular. The achenes have no pappus.

There are more than 100 species of yarrow (according to other data, 200), distributed mainly in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere. Species are especially numerous in mountainous areas and in the Mediterranean region. The USSR has 45 species. The common yarrow (A. millefolium) grows mainly in meadows and along forests in the forest zone, in steppes, on slopes, and along roads and fields. The leaves and inflorescences contain essential oil. An infusion and liquid extract from the leaves and inflorescences of the common yarrow and closely related species are used as styptics and as ingredients in a tea that functions as an appetite stimulant.

REFERENCE

Atlas lekarstvennykh rastenii SSSR. Moscow, 1962.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, the leaves of Achillea and Echinops were hard and spiny so dried their leaves along with twigs.
Achillea millefolium was named after Achilles who used the plant to stem the bleeding of his warrior's injuries.
Achillea wilhelmsii is containing compounds such as kamazvln [5], protein and carbohydrates [6], aromatic and phenolic compounds [7], The aerial branches of A.
We investigated the effects of Achillea millefolium extract in vitro on the growth of primary rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) as well as the potential involvement of estrogen receptors (ERs) in this process.
Os niveis de sombreamento influenciaram significativamente o acumulo de massa seca em ambos os estadios de desenvolvimento de Achillea millefolium L., nao ocorrendo interacao entre esse fator e as concentracoes de nitrogenio para as caracteristicas de crescimento, com excecao de massa seca de folhas no estadio reprodutivo.
The DM content of analyzed plants varied between 198 g/kg for Achillea millefolium and 235 g/kg for Teucrium flavum.
Select drought-tolerant plants: California poppy (Eschscholzia californica), catmint (Nepeta x faassenii), lantana (Lantana camara), snow-in-summer (Cerastium tomentosum), and yarrow (Achillea millefolium).
The collected plants were included of: Achillea wilhelmsii (leaf), Achillea millefolium (leaf), Artemisia dracunculus (leaf), Salvia multicaulis (leaf), Thymus vulgaris (leaf), Ziziphora clinopodioides (leaf), Rosmarinus officinalis (leaf), Lavandula angustifolia (leaf), Mentha piperata (leaf), Hyossopus officinalis (leaf), Salvia officinalis (leaf), Anethum graveolens (seed), Foeniculum vulgare (seed), Carum carvi (seed), Petroselinum sativum (seed), Artemisia absinthum and Melissa officinalis (leaf).
* BEGIN A PURPLE LOW-WATER BORDER Plant these drought-tolerant perennials in hues of purple and lilac to make a fine display this summer: Achillea millefolium 'Lavender Beauty', Cistus x purpureas, lavender, Phlomis tuberosa, salvia, and Verbena bonariensis.