Achilles

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Achilles

(əkĭl`ēz), in Greek mythology, foremost Greek hero of the Trojan War, son of Peleus and Thetis. He was a formidable warrior, possessing fierce and uncontrollable anger. Thetis, knowing that Achilles was fated to die at Troy, disguised him as a girl and hid him among the women at the court of King Lycomedes of Skyros. He was discovered there by Odysseus, who persuaded him to go to Troy. One of Lycomedes' daughters, Deidamia, bore Achilles a son, Neoptolemus. According to Homer, Achilles came to Troy leading the 50 ships of the Myrmidons. In the last year of the siege, when Agamemnon stole the captive princess Briseis from him, Achilles angrily withdrew and took his troops from the war. Later he allowed his friend and lover Patroclus to borrow his armor and lead the Myrmidons to aid the retreating Greeks. When Hector killed Patroclus, Achilles was filled with grief and rage and returned to the battle, routed the Trojans, and killed Hector, viciously dragging his body back to the Greek camp. Achilles died of a wound inflicted by Paris. According to one legend, Thetis attempted to make Achilles immortal by bathing him in the river Styx, but the heel by which she held him remained vulnerable, and Paris inflicted a fatal wound in that heel. Other legends state that Achilles was struck from behind and killed by Paris when he went to visit Priam's daughter Polyxena, with whom he had fallen in love. Achilles, the object of widespread hero worship, is the main character of HomerHomer,
principal figure of ancient Greek literature; the first European poet. Works, Life, and Legends

Two epic poems are attributed to Homer, the Iliad and the Odyssey.
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's epic The Iliad.

Achilles

((588) Achilles) The first member of the Trojan group of asteroids to be discovered, by Maximilian Wolf, in 1906. It lies east of Jupiter and precedes the latter in its orbit of the Sun by 60°. See Table 3, backmatter.

Achilles

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Achilles, asteroid 588 (the 588th asteroid to be discovered, on February 22, 1906), is approximately 116 kilometers in diameter and has an orbital period of 11.8 years. It was named after the famous Greek hero of the Trojan War and was the first of the so-called Trojan asteroids (asteroids that travel along the same orbital path as Jupiter) to be discovered. Achilles’ location by sign and house in a natal chart shows an area of exceptional strength, but at the same time the site of an Achilles’ heel.

Sources:

Kowal, Charles T. Asteroids: Their Nature and Utilization. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: Ellis Horwood Limited, 1988.
Room, Adrian. Dictionary of Astronomical Names. London: Routledge, 1988.
Schwartz, Jacob. Asteroid Name Encyclopedia. St. Paul, MN: Llewellyn Publications, 1995.

Achilles

[ə′kil·ēz]
(astronomy)
An asteroid; member of the group known as the Trojan planets.

Achilles

foremost Greek hero of Trojan War; brave and formidable warrior. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 12]
See: Bravery

Achilles

disguised as a woman to avoid conscription. [Gk. Legend: Brewer Handbook, 642 (Lycomedes)]

Achilles

Greek hero without whom Troy could not have been taken. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad]
See: Heroism

Achilles

avenges Patroclus’s death by brutally killing Hector. [Gk. Lit.: Iliad]

Achilles

warrior vulnerable only in his heel. [Gk. Myth.: Zimmerman, 4]
References in periodicals archive ?
For if Ovid's amatory Achillean poetics function as a kind of "failed intertext" in the Achilleid's rape episode, (40) a failed corrective to Achilles' earlier ambiguity, Ovidian metamorphosis triumphs in the climactic revelation scene, where Achilles is finally exposed as, or rather transformed into, a man.
The note of lament is typical of Achillean music throughout the Heroicus, and the subjects chosen, Hyacinthus, Narcissus, and Adonis, are all dear to the gods and doomed to early deaths like Achilles himself.
and in certain particulars, not least the connections between the Achillean heart of the Iliad and the Gilgamesh epic.
Seen from the standpoint of the first ending, he is, as Michael Valdez Moses has argued, a Homeric hero cast in a distinctly Achillean mold:
The lion-man was in fact a type, Stewart proposes, of which Achilles was the archetype, and this may suggest another source for the Achillean [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
Organized labor ultimately must make the case that having more workers join unions is good for the country, and therefore, that the laws must be changed to require something less than the Herculean strength, Sisyphean endurance end Achillean courage now expected for workers to form a union and get a contract [see Kelly Candaele and Peter Dreier, page 20].
Mill's resort to the scheme of "the natural advantage" finally betrayed the inadequacy of classical political economy by showing very clearly where was Her Majesty's Achillean heel and how to overcome it: the feat could have been accomplished by recognizing and consequently fostering, in countries that were bereft of it, the power of a fully developed and ramified manufacturing system.