Madeline Miller, having lushly retooled the Iliad as a sensual love affair between Achilles and Patroclus
in her 2011 novel The Song of Achilles, reflected the mood for feminist revisionism with her lissom follow-up Circe, which casts the witch deity in the Odyssey not as a bit player in a man's epic but as the star of her own show.
More developed than any tent in Shakespeare, Achilles's exhib its erotic-theatrical-satirical qualities, all befitting the larger play, and it provides restricted hospitality but considerable fruition for Achilles and Patroclus
. Sloth and purposeful dalliance also characterize the tent, at least according to the other Greeks.
Ultimately, Martin does not show that loving relations between soldiers were new; in fact, by citing the models of Achilles and Patroclus
, as well as Roland and Olivier, he indicates that these tropes existed well before the revolutionary armies adopted fraternity as a key value.
He claims that the relationship between Achilles and Patroclus
is "carefully de-sexualized" (137, on Wise's Helen of Troy) or "heterosexualized" (178, on Troy).
In this book, the Roman poet tells a story clearly inspired by Achilles and Patroclus
, the episode of Nisus and his beloved Euryalus.
A key shared subject is the familiar story of the friendship between Achilles and Patroclus
, told in Homer's Iliad and finely detailed on one exceptional vase, the Sosias Cup in Berlin.
Alexander and lifelong pal Hephaistion (Jared Leto) make a lot of goo-goo eyes at each other and talk a lot about the love of warriors Achilles and Patroclus
. (Since that love was left out of the Brad Pitt version of Greek history earlier this year, Alexander at least scores points on the "Eat it, Troy!" scale.) While Alexander marries and beds the fiery Roxane (Rosario Dawson), he's soon leaving her to sleep alone while he spends nights with Persian eunuch Bagoas (Francisco Bosch), whom Alexander later kisses in front of his officers after the eunuch performs a particularly erotic dance.
He introduces it by saying, "I was witness to events of a less peaceful character," betraying a hint of a loss of innocence, at which point the allegory of the Trojan War calibrates his prose again, since he redeems the bellicose event by imagining that two of the red ants are Achilles and Patroclus
. (37) "I felt for the rest of that day as if I had had my feelings excited and harrowed by witnessing the struggle, the ferocity and carnage, of a human battle before my door," he concludes.
But Wells reminds us that sexual badinage need not be coarse but can actually be profoundly touching as well as funny, and his chapters on homosexuality in the plays prove conclusively with critical references to Bassanio (The Merchant of Venice) Achilles and Patroclus
(Troilus and Cressida) not to mention Richard II that subtlety and emotional bonding lies within specific gender orientations.
(2) What most critics have not fully understood, however, is why Ilas receives so much emphasis as to be mentioned side-by-side with the first naming of the victor, and in particular why his relation to Hagesidamus should be likened to that of Achilles and Patroclus
. (3) William Mullen and Deborah Steiner have both suspected that there might be an erotic dimension to their relationship, but neither has argued the point in detail.
In a short space of time Odysseus, Phoenix, and Nestor apply maximum pressure to Achilles and Patroclus