According to the Biblical narrative, Achish
, King of Gat, allowed David to find refuge in Ziklag while fleeing King Saul and from there David also departed to be anointed King in Hebron.
off their crockery; and of David, who, in the service of Achish, king of
then gave his master Achish to understand that he had overrun the
There he allied himself with Achish, the king of Gath.
Since David ruled over Judah, it is no wonder that the Philistines who received him the first time he sought refuge with Achish exclaimed, 'Why, that's David, king of the land!' (I Sam.
There he feigned madness, lest local king Achish
He allied himself with Achish
, the son of a Philistine king, and received for his services the town of Ziklag.
When his life was threatened by the jealous King Saul, he and his men took refuge with Achish, the Philistine king of Gath (I Sam.
It seems that Achish was in some ways independent of his Philistine allies.
Carl Ehrlich, of York University in Toronto, have tentatively identified Tel As-Saffi as Gath, home to Goliath and King Achish
Sasson as part of his recently published identification of Philistine Canaanite as having "mixed Phoenician and Hebrew features" and being a "hybrid dialect" is a lexical one (i.e., the verb SMR), a notably slippery class of isoglosses for linguistic identification ("The Inscription of Achish
, Governor of Eqron, and Philistine Dialect, Cult and Culture," Ugarit-Forschungen 29 : 627-39, quotations from pp.
This is the only biblical reference that makes the distinction between Israelites and "Hebrews." The latter term refers to a band of outlaws who served as mercenaries in the Philistine army, much like the service of David and his band in the army of Achish
, king of Gath.