acid-base catalysis

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acid-base catalysis

[′as·əd ′bās kə′tal·ə·sis]
(chemistry)
The increase in speed of certain chemical reactions due to the presence of acids and bases.
References in periodicals archive ?
A base catalyzed trans-esterification process is used for the commercial preparation of biodiesel whereas acid catalysis and enzyme trans-esterification is also used (Goering et al., 1982).
Satsuma, "Toward a rational control of solid acid catalysis for green synthesis and biomass conversion," Energy & Environmental Science, vol.
Marco-Lozar, "Biodiesel production by acid catalysis with heteropolyacids supported on activated carbon fibers," Applied Catalysis A: General, vol.
Tenn said that nylon-1,6 can be prepared directly from adiponitrile, water and formaldehyde using acid catalysis, and that the synthesis can be performed at room temperature in open beakers.
After an introduction to catalysis as a whole, he covers acid catalysis, oxidation catalysis, polymerization catalysis, and reduction/hydrogenation catalysis--the major catalytic reaction types of commercial importance.
The tetrahedral intermediate decomposes to the acyl-enzyme intermediate under the driving force of proton donation from N3 of His367 (general acid catalysis).
Intramolecular general acid catalysis of the hydrolysis of 1-arylethyl ethers of salicylic acid," Canadian Journal of Chemistry, vol.
Kim, "Characterization of zirconium sulfate supported on zirconia and activity for acid catalysis," Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, vol.
In the case of Pd(0)/Si[O.sub.2]/HF prepared by acid catalysis (HF), both the morphology and size (ca.
Processes of refinement, pyrolysis, pretreatment, acid catalysis, depolymerization, hydrotreatment, enzyme catalysis, steam reforming, metabolic engineering, and photocatalytic hydrogen production are covered.