A base catalyzed trans-esterification process is used for the commercial preparation of biodiesel whereas acid catalysis
and enzyme trans-esterification is also used (Goering et al., 1982).
Satsuma, "Toward a rational control of solid acid catalysis
for green synthesis and biomass conversion," Energy & Environmental Science, vol.
Marco-Lozar, "Biodiesel production by acid catalysis
with heteropolyacids supported on activated carbon fibers," Applied Catalysis A: General, vol.
Tenn said that nylon-1,6 can be prepared directly from adiponitrile, water and formaldehyde using acid catalysis
, and that the synthesis can be performed at room temperature in open beakers.
After an introduction to catalysis as a whole, he covers acid catalysis
, oxidation catalysis, polymerization catalysis, and reduction/hydrogenation catalysis--the major catalytic reaction types of commercial importance.
The tetrahedral intermediate decomposes to the acyl-enzyme intermediate under the driving force of proton donation from N3 of His367 (general acid catalysis
(2005, 2008) analyzed ageing of mineral oil impregnated cellulose by acid catalysis
. Bengstsson et al.
Intramolecular general acid catalysis
of the hydrolysis of 1-arylethyl ethers of salicylic acid," Canadian Journal of Chemistry, vol.
Kim, "Characterization of zirconium sulfate supported on zirconia and activity for acid catalysis
," Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society, vol.
In the case of Pd(0)/Si[O.sub.2]/HF prepared by acid catalysis
(HF), both the morphology and size (ca.
Processes of refinement, pyrolysis, pretreatment, acid catalysis
, depolymerization, hydrotreatment, enzyme catalysis, steam reforming, metabolic engineering, and photocatalytic hydrogen production are covered.