Acidaminococcus

Acidaminococcus

[‚as·əd‚a·mə·nō′käk·əs]
(microbiology)
A genus of bacteria in the family Veillonellaceae; cells are often oval or kidney-shaped and occur in pairs; amino acids can supply the single energy source.
References in periodicals archive ?
(15) A study in Korean women with rosacea demonstrated a reduction of Peptococcaceae, Methanobrevibacter, Slackia, Coprobacillus, Citrobacter (genus), and Desulfovibrio and an increased amount of Acidaminococcus, Megasphaera, and Lactobacillales in women with rosacea.
Detailed characterization of the intestinal microbiota of the swine intestine using anaerobic culturing techniques has revealed that the major bacterial groups present are Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, Prevotella, Selenomonas, Mitsuokella, Megasphaera, Clostridium, Eubacterium, Bacteroides, Fusobacterium, Acidaminococcus, and Enterobacteriaceae [6].
Lastly, the CRISPR-Cpf1 system identified in Acidaminococcus and Lachnospiraceae bacteria, which requires the PAM motif TTTN, has a dual advantage for genome editing because, in addition to a novel PAM sequence [116], it induces staggered cuts away from the critical seed region thus preventing NHEJ and increasing the efficiency of HDR [117].
Reaction Type Microorganism Active Genera Fermentation Hydrolytic bacteria Bacteroides, Lactobacillus, Propionibacterium, Sphingomonas, Sporobacterium, Megasphaera, Bifidobacterium Acidogenesis Syntropic bacteria Ruminococcus, Paenibacillus, Clostridium Acetogenesis Acetogenic bacteria Desulfovibrio, Aminobacterium, Acidaminococcus Methanogenesis Methanogens (Archaea) Methanosaeta, Methanolobus, Methanococcoides, Methanohalophilus, Methanosalsus, Methanohalobium, Halomethanococcus, Methanolacinia, Methanogenium, Methanoculleus Reaction Type Product Fermentation Simple sugars, peptides, fatty acids Acidogenesis Volatile fatty acids Acetogenesis C[H.sub.3]COOH Methanogenesis C[H.sub.4] Table 4: C/N ratio for some materials.
At the genus level, the composition of Blautia was increased in T1DM group than control group whereas the composition of Haemophilus, Lachnospira, Dialister, and Acidaminococcus was decreased.
Two promising candidates were the Cpf1 enzymes from bacterial species Acidaminococcus and Lachnospiraceae, which Zhang and his colleagues then showed can target genomic loci in human cells.
fragilis group, but not against 12 (20%) of strains of Bilophila wadsworthia, 3 (5%) lactobacilli, and 1 Acidaminococcus fermentans.