Acinetobacter


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Acinetobacter

[‚as·ə‚nēd·ə′bak·tər]
(microbiology)
A genus of nonmotile, short, plump, almost spherical rods in the family Neisseriaceae; strictly aerobic; resistant to penicillin.
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Some authors recommend double-disk synergy test using two ceftazidime disks and a filter disk containing EDTA adjacent to one CAZ disk for detection of MBLs in Acinetobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp.
The yield of isolated Acinetobacter species increased from 17.4% in 2009 to 33.3% in 2013-2014.
Recently, the World Health Organisation listed drug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii to be a critical priority pathogen, causing around 9% of all bacterial infections in intensive care worldwide, against which there are few treatment options available.
Development of a multilocus sequence typing scheme for characterization of clinical isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii.
This species is also categorized by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) as a superbug and is one of the six significant "ESKAPE" pathogens, which include Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumanii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Enterobacter species "ESKAPE" (16).
The highest prevalence rate of AmpC production was detected among Acinetobacter baumannii 7(87.5%), followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Escherichia coli respectively.
Acinetobacter baumannii is the most clinically important bacteria belonging to the genus of Acinetobacter.
Pathogens commonly associated with VAP include gram negative bacilli such as, pseudomonas aeruginosa, escherichia coli, klebsiella pneumoniae, acinetobacter. And Gram positive cocci, such as staphylococcus aureus especially methicillin-resistant Staphy-lococcus aureus (MRSA).
Antibiotic Resistance of Acinetobacter baumannii in Iran: A Systemic Review of the Published Literature.
Additionally, the association of ISAba1 element with [bla.sub.OXA]-type genes and with the chromosomal Acinetobacter derived cephalosporinase (ADC) was also investigated by PCR.
Liu, "In vitro synergy of polymyxins with other antibiotics for Acinetobacter baumannii: A systematic review and meta-analysis," International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, vol.
Aims: The aims of this study were to identify the risk factors and describe molecular epidemiology carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex (ACB complex) at a district hospital in Taiwan.