Acmeists

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Acmeists

(ăk`mēĭsts), school of Russian poets started in 1912 by Sergei M. Gorodetsky and Nikolai Stepanovich GumilevGumilev, Nikolai Stepanovich
, 1886–1921, Russian poet. With his wife, the poet Anna Akhmatova, and Gorodetsky Gumilev, he founded the Acmeist school of poetry in 1912.
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 as a reaction against the mysticism of the symbolists. The school aspired to concreteness of imagery and clarity of expression. The leading Acmeists were Gumilev, Anna AkhmatovaAkhmatova, Anna
, pseud. of Anna Andreyevna Gorenko
, 1888–1966, Russian poet of the Acmeist school. Her brief lyrics, simply and musically written in the tradition of Pushkin, attained great popularity. Her themes were personal, emotional, and often ironic.
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, and Osip MandelstamMandelstam, Osip Emilyevich
, 1892–1938, Russian poet. Mandelstam was a leader of the Acmeist school. He wrote impersonal, fatalistic, meticulously constructed poems, the best of which are collected in Kamen [stone] (1913) and Tristia (1922).
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Bibliography

See L. I. Strakhovsky, Craftsmen of the Word: Three Poets of Modern Russia.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The most prominent acmeist journal in the early 1900s was also evocatively titled Apollon, openly manifesting its affiliation not only with the Greek tradition, but also with Nietzsche's discourse on that tradition as expressed in The Birth of Tragedy.
During these few years, everyone congregated there--Symbolists, Acmeists, Expressionists, Dadaists, zaurn poets, Futurists, Cubists, Cubo-Futurists.
See also Clare Cavanagh, 'The Death of the Book a la russe: The Acmeists under Stalin', Slavic Review, 55 (1996),125-35 (P.
Nabokov grew to his Russian maturity in the shadow of the symbolist and Acmeist poets, and much of his early writing was in the forin of poetry.
Akhmatova, a founder of the unique Acmeist school of poetry that broke with traditional symbolism in favor of clarity, close ties to the earth and an emphasis on European culture, was sometimes capricious, judgmental and narcissistic.
An outstanding member of the Acmeist school (see Acmeism ), Akhmatova married the poet Nikolai Gumilyov in 1910 and divorced him in 1918.
(21) As Davydov observes, "Merezhkovskii, Solov'ev, Briusov, Blok, Belyi, Ivanov, Khodasevich, Akhmatova, Mandel'shtam, Tsvetaeva one after another adopted Pushkin as moi Pushkin." (22) However, for a Russian Modernist poet, and particularly for an Acmeist, Mandel'shtam made surprisingly few overt allusions to Pushkin in his poetry.
(15) Martynov sees an affinity in style connecting Kipling with poets who belonged to the Acmeist movement, headed by Gumilev.
Russian poet and theorist who founded and led the Russian Acmeist movement.
A great admirer of the Acmeist poets Anna Akhmatova and Osip Mandelstam, Kushner worked to bridge the awful chasm that separated Soviet Russia from its past and to make the poetic values of the Silver Age relevant to contemporary experience.
The Acmeist Movement in Russian Poetry: Culture and the World.
He was one of the foremost members of the Acmeist school of poetry, which rejected the mysticism and abstraction of Russian Symbolism.