Acoma


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Acoma

or

Ácoma

(both: ăk`əmə), pueblo (1990 pop. 2,590), alt. c.7,000 ft (2,130 m), Valencia co., W central N.Mex.; founded c.1100–1250. This "sky city" atop a steep-sided sandstone mesa, 357 ft (109 m) high and hard of access, is considered to be the oldest continuously inhabited community in the United States. The residents, who speak a Western Keresan language (see PuebloPueblo,
name given by the Spanish to the sedentary Native Americans who lived in stone or adobe communal houses in what is now the SW United States. The term pueblo is also used for the villages occupied by the Pueblo.
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), are skilled potters. Below the mesa are the cultivated fields and grazing grounds that help support the community. Sheep, cattle, and grain are produced.

The pueblo's location has impressed visitors from Fray Marcos de Niza (1539) and Coronado's men (1540) to present-day tourists. Juan de Oñate was allowed entry in 1598, but the natives soon resisted the Spanish; defeated after severe fighting, many were later maimed. The missionary Fray Juan Ramírez arrived in 1629. The Acoma people joined in the Pueblo revolt of 1680, were forced to submit to Diego de Vargas in 1692, joined in the later uprising of 1696, and were subdued again in 1699. They were later Christianized; the pueblo is dominated by the mission church of San Estevan del Rey.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Villagra defended Onate against charges brought by his enemies in New Spain who accused the general of cruelty in the treatment of settlers as well as Indian communities, and particularly the burning and destruction of Acoma Pueblo.
Ortiz gives compelling testimony of his Acoma people's experience of encroachment and redefinition.
As shown in the Acoma project, this is accomplished through the CM/GC team working diligently to achieve measurable risk reductions and innovations.
Residencies/touring/outreach/workshops/ classes 816 Acoma Street, 1st Floor, Denver, CO 80204 Tel: (303) 825-4847; Fax: (303) 825-4846 Email: krd@kimrobardsdance.org
At Acoma, Cornerstones also is providing technical assistance in the restoration of San Esteban del Rey, a massive twenty-one-thousand-square-foot church and convent complex dating from 1629 (rare early structures not destroyed during the Pueblo Revolt).
We'll spend a few days exploring the pueblos between Albuquerque and Santa Fe, visit historic Ghost Ranch (painted by Georgia O'Keefe), see Anasazi ruins in remote Chaco Canyon, and stop at Acoma Sky City and the annual Intertribal powwow in Gallup.
The peaks are sacred to 13 native tribes in Arizona and the Four Corners area -- the Hopi, Dine (Navajo), Hualapai, Zuni, Acoma, Havasupai, San Juan Southern Paiute, Yavapai and five bands of Apache.
Entertainment included music by Magpie and an appearance by the Acoma Indian Dancers.
The twenty-six short stories collected in Men on the Moon illustrate the sense Simon Ortiz has of the subtleties and power inherent in language, a sense he developed, in part, from the tradition of storytelling so deeply rooted in the culture of his Acoma people, and from decades of communicating these narratives in short stories, essays, and, perhaps most famously, poems, many of which have been gathered in Woven Stone.
Seventy-five illustrations, thirty-five in color, inform the reader of the pottery processes employed in the Taos, Hopi, Zuni, Acoma and other pueblos.
Historia de la Nueva Mexico was published in 1610, two years after Juan de Onate renounced the governorship of Nuevo Mexico.(7) Clearly, Villagra seeks to vindicate the name of Onate and of all those who participated in the massacre of Acoma. His epic poem aspires to be a monumental history that would preserve the memory of the deeds of those who entered Nuevo Mexico to conquer and convert its people, "hechos de aquellos esforcados, que en la Nueva Mexico entraron, a la conversion de tantas gentes" [the deeds of those brave men, who entered New Mexico, to convert so many peoples] (Historia [1900] np; my translation).