Acoma

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Related to Acomas: MSAR, AACOM, AACOMAS, AAMC, TMDSAS

Acoma

or

Ácoma

(both: ăk`əmə), pueblo (1990 pop. 2,590), alt. c.7,000 ft (2,130 m), Valencia co., W central N.Mex.; founded c.1100–1250. This "sky city" atop a steep-sided sandstone mesa, 357 ft (109 m) high and hard of access, is considered to be the oldest continuously inhabited community in the United States. The residents, who speak a Western Keresan language (see PuebloPueblo,
name given by the Spanish to the sedentary Native Americans who lived in stone or adobe communal houses in what is now the SW United States. The term pueblo is also used for the villages occupied by the Pueblo.
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), are skilled potters. Below the mesa are the cultivated fields and grazing grounds that help support the community. Sheep, cattle, and grain are produced.

The pueblo's location has impressed visitors from Fray Marcos de Niza (1539) and Coronado's men (1540) to present-day tourists. Juan de Oñate was allowed entry in 1598, but the natives soon resisted the Spanish; defeated after severe fighting, many were later maimed. The missionary Fray Juan Ramírez arrived in 1629. The Acoma people joined in the Pueblo revolt of 1680, were forced to submit to Diego de Vargas in 1692, joined in the later uprising of 1696, and were subdued again in 1699. They were later Christianized; the pueblo is dominated by the mission church of San Estevan del Rey.

References in periodicals archive ?
The anterior circle was incomplete in 27(20%) subjects with compromised anterior collateral flow due to absent AcomA in 20(14.
4,9,11,15 In this study, the commonest anterior variation was the presence of complete arteries with single AcomA (type a) seen in 68.
This funding will provide relief for the Pueblo of Acoma as they recover from severe storms and flooding, which damaged crucial infrastructure like roads, bridges, and sewer lines, Udall said.
The October storm had a severe impact on the everyday lives of the Acoma community.
In October, severe weather and flooding caused devastating damage to the Pueblo of Acoma.
Onate's first attempts are described in Chapter 2, "Spaniards Come to Stay," including the notorious Acoma battle of 1599.
And while the admission fees pump needed funds into the operation and upkeep of the pueblo, one gets the impression that the Acomas, if they had a choice, would not put their sacred home on display and their traditions at risk.
Until 1540, the Acomas lived without interference from the white man.
The inviting Acoma Pueblo, which legend describes as "a place that always was," is 65 miles west of Albuquerque.
En el recorrido, su discurso pone enfasis en la muestra "The Matriachs", que resume el papel que las mujeres cumplen dentro de la sociedad de Acoma, asi como los trabajos de cuatro de ellas y sus familias: Lucy M.
A 370 pies de altura, Acoma Pueblo conserva aun las construcciones posteriores al ano 1640, con dos o tres pisos de alto, paredes de adobe -una mezcla de arena, arcilla, agua y fibras vegetales- y ventanas cubiertas con mica para permitir el paso de la luz solar.
Para ganar acceso al pueblo, usted debe iniciar su visita por el Sky City Cultural Center y Haak'u Museum, que alberga en sus nuevas instalaciones antiguas vasijas ceremoniales utilizadas por la cultura Acoma, un cafe donde se pueden degustar platos tipicos, una sala de video, una plaza y un espacio dedicado a la venta de artesanias realizadas a mano por lo lugarenos.