Even before Lysenko, in the 1920s, the German biologist Paul Kammerer and a slew of less-familiar Russian biologists promoted the idea of acquired characteristics
as a sort of Marxist eugenics.
Many scientists believed that "life really was something that acted through the medium of matter but was independent of it." (6) And he had a thoroughly scientific explanation for that vital force: the inheritance of acquired characteristics
. This theory, popularly associated with Jean Baptiste Lamarck, explained evolutionary change as a result of the biological passing on of the experience or change of an individual.
21) and what seems to be a sort of Lamarckian view on the author's part on the inheritance of acquired characteristics
The 21 activities cover taxonomy, nature studies, and acquired characteristics
. Readers are also instructed in baking Shrewsbury cares from an authentic 1808 recipe, studying Greek and Latin vocabulary, going on a botanical treasure hunt in the grocery store, tying knots, cooking a Chilean dish of beans and tomatoes, keeping a journal, and making fossils.
Acquiring Genomes argues against the orthodox history of science today: Margulis contends that Lamarck, who claimed that organisms inherit acquired characteristics
, was right.
It is this that permits the inheritance of acquired characteristics
of a certain sort--of learning, through communication from one human being to another.
The language of 'blood' in Beer-Hofmann's Der Tod Georgs is related to the conflict between August Weismann's theory of the unchangeable germplasm and the neo-Lamarckian view that acquired characteristics
could be inherited (which implied that racial 'degeneration' could be reversed, Jews assimilated to Gentile society, and human character modified by social reforms).
The discovery bears a spooky parallel to the discredited ideas of 19th-century biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, who argued that species inherit acquired characteristics
. For example, Agrawal says, "if I'm a bodybuilder, my babies will have big muscles." Lamarck didn't know about genes, but people interpret his idea as implying genetic change.
Like most biologists of his time, he rejected Lamarck's theory of the inheritance of acquired characteristics
, but he had nothing to put in its place.
This sort of thing is referred to as the inheritance of acquired characteristics
. Experiments would show that acquired characteristics
were not inherited.
One of the intriguing aspects of this book is its demonstration that many elements of what are usually seen (following Ernest Jones) as Freud's embarrassingly Lamarckian tendency to believe in the inheritance of acquired characteristics
, were actually present in Darwin's work and entered Freud's thought through his admiration and knowledge of that scholar--with whom, as a fellow-subverter of comforting illusions, he identified.
Little credence is paid to acquired characteristics
through environmental influence, as espoused by 19th century biologist Jean Baptiste de Lamarck.