Acquittal


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Acquittal

 

(judgment of acquittal), a court’s finding that a prisoner is not guilty of a charge against him. A judgment of acquittal is rendered in instances when the event of a crime has not been established, when the act of the prisoner does not contain the elements of a crime, or when participation of the prisoner in the commission of the crime has not been proved. The acquitted person is considered exonerated regardless of the grounds for the acquittal. The judgment of acquittal cancels the measures of securing confiscation of property and measures of restraint. The acquitted person is released from guard in the courtroom immediately after the judgment is announced. The judgment of acquittal may be vacated by way of cassation only on protest of a procurator or on appeal of a victim or a person acquitted (the latter has the right to appeal the judgment with respect to the reasons and grounds of acquittal). Judgments of acquittal rendered by the supreme courts of the Union republics and the Supreme Court of the USSR are not subject to cassational appeal and protest. Review of a judgment of acquittal by way of supervision is permitted only within the first year after it has entered into force.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The participants of the meeting condemned the Indian brutality, keeping them behind the bars for long 23 years, adding that their acquittal is a question mark on the Indian judiciary.
It may be recalled that the NAB court earlier, had reserved the verdict in the case thrice but deferred the announcement of its reserved verdict on acquittal plea filed by former law minister Dr Babar Awan.
Ramon, according to the investigation, duped her clients by drafting a sham decision regarding the purported acquittal of Fajardo and placed the names of the CA justices on the fake decision although the case was assigned in a different division and assigned to a different CA justice.
Napoles argued that Revilla's acquittal meant there was 'no main plunderer, hence, there is no plunder.'
Shortly after his acquittal from the plunder case, Revilla paid a P480,000 bail bond for his temporary liberty pending charges of 16 other counts of graft.
A five-man bench led by Chief Judge of Malaya Tan Sri Zaharah Ibrahim unanimously dismissed the prosecution's final appeal against the acquittal of Inspector S.
On Friday, however, the Supreme Court set aside the acquittal pending the determination of the appeal.
LEIDSCHENDAM, Netherlands: Lawyers for Salim Ayyash and Hassan Merhi maintained this week that the decision of the defense team for Hussein Oneissi to file a judgment of acquittal would not affect their strategies.
They say support for his Radical Party has firmed since his acquittal.
21 -- The Karnataka Government has filed an appeal before the Supreme Court of India against the acquittal of Jayalalithaa by the Karnataka High Court.
THOUGH the Students Islamic Movement of India (SIMI) has been banned since September 27, 2001 for its anti-national activities, acquittal of many of its members facing criminal charges is giving nightmares to both intelligence agencies and the home ministry.
Manila, Philippines - The Court of Appeals (CA) has affirmed the acquittal of two of the so-called "Alabang Boys" whose drug trafficking charges were dismissed by the Muntinlupa regional trial court (RTC) in 2011.