Breadth of acromion process
is the distance between the medial and lateral borders at the midpoint of acromion process
The steel or nylon rods extended from their respective assemblies laterally from their point of attachment toward a steel eyebolt connected to an adjustable rigid strap located at the right acromion process
The supraspinatus muscle originates from the body of the scapula and extends between the head of the humerus and the acromion process
of the scapula to insert on the greater tubercle of the humerus.
Anthropometric data (stature, height to right acromion process
and lateral epicondyle of the right humerus) were collected, and the height of the midpoint of the upper arm was calculated to determine the appropriate working heights.
We placed reflective markers on the sternal notch and bilaterally on the acromion process
, lateral humeral epicondyle, ulnar styloid process, greater trochanter, lateral femoral condyle, lateral malleolus, the anterior aspect of the shoe (approximately between the first and second metatarsal), and the posterior aspect of the shoe (in the region of the calcaneus).
Arm length was measured as the distance from the acromion process
to the fingertip with the arm at the side.
MUAC was measured at the midpoint between the tip of acromion process
and olecranon process in the left upper arm with a fibre-glass measuring tape to the nearest of 0.
The driver's height and weight (in footwear), lower limb length (from the lateral condyle of the tibia to the ground; in shoes), upper arm length (from the acromion process
to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus), and lower arm length (lateral epicondyle of the humerus to the styloid process of the ulna) were measured with the driver standing outside the car.
Triceps skin fold midway between acromion process
and olecranon process was used in our study.
The biceps skinfold thickness was measured as the thickness of a vertical fold raised on the anterior aspect of the arm, the triceps skinflold thickness was measured over the triceps muscle at a point midway between the lateral projection of the acromion process
of scapula and the inferior margin of the olecranon process of ulna .
Bilateral superficial Brachioulnar Artery: It arises from the brachial artery at a point, 12 cm from the acromion process
in the arm.
Fifteen passive reflective markers were attached to the participant's head and on the left and right sides of the body at the following anthropometric landmarks: most anterior point of shoe (toe), front of ankle at height of lateral malleolus (ankle), lateral tibial plateau (knee), greater trochanter (hip), acromion process
(shoulder), lateral humeral epicondyle (elbow), and lateral to the ulnar styloid process (wrist).