Act of Settlement

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Settlement, Act of,

1701, passed by the English Parliament, to provide that if William IIIWilliam III,
1650–1702, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702); son of William II, prince of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and of Mary, oldest daughter of King Charles I of England.
..... Click the link for more information.
 and Princess Anne (later Queen AnneAnne,
1665–1714, queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1702–7), later queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707–14), daughter of James II and Anne Hyde; successor to William III.
..... Click the link for more information.
) should die without heirs, the succession to the throne should pass to SophiaSophia
, 1630–1714, electress of Hanover, consort of Elector Ernest Augustus. She was the daughter of Frederick the Winter King and Elizabeth of Bohemia, who was the daughter of James I of England.
..... Click the link for more information.
, electress of Hanover, granddaughter of James IJames I,
1566–1625, king of England (1603–25) and, as James VI, of Scotland (1567–1625). James's reign witnessed the beginnings of English colonization in North America (Jamestown was founded in 1607) and the plantation of Scottish settlers in Ulster.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and to her heirs, if they were Protestants. The house of HanoverHanover, house of,
ruling dynasty of Hanover (see Hanover, province), which was descended from the Guelphs and which in 1714 acceded to the British throne in the person of George I.
..... Click the link for more information.
, which ruled Great Britain from 1714, owed its claim to this act. Among additional provisions, similar to those in the Bill of RightsBill of Rights,
1689, in British history, one of the fundamental instruments of constitutional law. It registered in statutory form the outcome of the long 17th-century struggle between the Stuart kings and the English Parliament.
..... Click the link for more information.
, were requirements that the king must join in communion with the Church of England (see England, Church ofEngland, Church of,
the established church of England and the mother church of the Anglican Communion. Organization and Doctrine

The clergy of the church are of three ancient orders: deacons, priests, and bishops.
..... Click the link for more information.
), that he might not leave England without parliamentary consent, and that English armies might not be used in defense of foreign territory without parliamentary consent. The act also prohibited royal pardons for officials impeached by Parliament. A clause providing that no appointee or pensioner of the king should sit in the House of Commons was repealed (1705) before the act became effective. The unpopularity of William's pro-Dutch policy, the lack of an heir to William or Anne, and fear of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
..... Click the link for more information.
 prompted the act.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
I jest of course, but the Act of Settlement is a constitutional law and as such is to be treated with the utmost respect -- some laws are more equal than others even though one parliament cannot bind another.
Both the Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement expressly provide that they are intended to extend to the dominions of the Realm.
The Act of Settlement forbade any Catholic from holding the throne of England, or marrying a sovereign, and it ensured that the firstborn male son would take preference over a firstborn daughter.
1714: Queen Anne, the last Stuart sovereign, died aged 49, to be succeeded by George I under the Act of Settlement of 1701 - which excluded several dozen members of European royalty with an otherwise better claim because they were Roman Catholic.
Under the Act of Settlement 1701 banning Catholics from the throne, German Prince George Louis - the Elector of Hanover - became King George I of England in 1714.
Both sides are remaining tight-lipped about their rumoured romance, but here's why this pairing could be the biggest thing to hit the monarchy since the Act of Settlement.
The Bill of Rights 1688 (7) has the force of a statute and it can be amended (as can the Act of Settlement 1700) like any other Act.
12, Cameron outlined several proposed amendments to the 1701 Act of Settlement, which bars Catholics and the spouses of Catholics from the British throne.
Male Royal heirs currently have prior claim to the British crown over their older sisters under the 1701 Act of Settlement.
Lord Reid certainly wants to abolish the 1701 Act of Settlement which bars Catholics like him from being monarch.
Our laws lie in 1688 Bill of Rights, Act of Settlement 1703 and the Magna Carta - The Great Charter of the Liberties of England, and of the Liberties of the Forest 1297 and remain on our statutes.
THE Catholic Times newspaper (July 18) featured the RC Bishop of Motherwell Joseph Devine criticising Conservative PM David Cameron, Deputy PM Nick Clegg and the new government over the Act of Settlement.