Actaea


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Actaea

 

a genus of plants of the Ranunculaceae family. They are perennial herbs with large, double trefoil leaves. The flowers are in clusters; the fruits are berry-like. There are approximately ten species known in the northern hemisphere. In the USSR there are three species; all are toxic. The most common is baneberry (A. spicata), which grows in the shady forests of the European part of the USSR, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, and Altai.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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There is conflicting evidence that phytoestrogen containing herbs such as Humulus lupulus and oestrogen modulating herbs such as Actaea racemosa, are used in perimenopausal women, where endogenous oestrogen is low and can alleviate symptoms associated with low oestrogen.
Ethanolic extracts of black cohosh (Actaea racemosa) inhibit growth and oestradiol synthesis from oestrone sulphate in BCa cells.
HEAVEN SCENT Carol takes in blissful actaea racemosa TOUGH TO BEAT Daphne cneorum is one of the hardiest plants around
Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa), for example, is a member of the buttercup family and is used to treat menopause symptoms such as hot flashes.
Aside from goldenseal, other common herbs in the Australasian herbalist's pharmacopeia which are currently listed as 'at risk' by the UPS (United Plant Savers, an American organisation which has compiled extensive data on the sustainable use of medicinal plants) including black cohosh (Actaea racemosa, Cimicifuga racemosa), eyebright (Euphrasia spp), goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis), Korean ginseng (Panax ginseng), wild yam (Dioscorea villosa), and even the immensely popular echinacea (Ecinacea purpurea and spp) (UPS 2008).
En la ultima fase de la busqueda, tres estudios en los cuales se realizo el MRS como medida resultado de intervenciones fueron excluidos (un estudio para evaluar Actaea racemosa; un estudio para evaluar un remedio herbal; y un estudio para la evaluacion de una marca comercial de 2 mg de valerato de estradiol/2 mg de valerato de estradiol + 1 mg de acetato de s presentan la misma muestra, por lo que se elimin uno; (18) en tres estudios no se pudo completar la valoraci n por no presentar el texto completo; (19-21) y, finalmente se excluyeron dos estudios mas que no presentan la media/mediana de los puntajes MRS y en los que no fue posible obtener respuesta al contactar a los autores.
Ademas: Caracteristicas de Fagetalia sylvaticae: Actaea spicata + en 38; Allium ursinum 3 en 29 y + en 38; Moehringia trinervia + en 44; Paris cuadrifolia 1 en 39 y + en 44; Potentilla sterilis + en 35 y + en 47; Sorbus aria 1 en 38; Veronica montana + en 44.
Other herbs that have been mentioned as helpful for menorrhagia are: Bayberry Bark (myrica cerifera), also know as Wax myrtle (46p23) and Black cohosh (cimicifuga racemosa or actaea racemosa or actea macrotys) (16,32p157, 33p243-244,35p246,37,39p31,42p83-84,43p51,54p5,55,56) See Table 7 for a list of herbs suggested helpful for menorrhagia and their classification.
The white berries of Symphoricarpos albus (snowberry) are poisonous, as are the white or red berries of Actaea rubra (baneberry).
Black cohosh (known as both Actaea racemosa and Cimicifuga racemosa) is a member of the buttercup family.
Floral fragrances in Actaea, using differential chromatograms to discern between floral and vegetative volatiles.