Actinidia


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Actinidia

 

a genus of plants of the family Actinidiaceae, climbing shrubs (lianas) ascending high on trees, having leaves without stipules. Actinidia plants are dioecious, with unisexual (less often bisexual) white, yellow, or reddish flowers and fruit in the form of green or greenish-yellow berries. About 35 species exist in eastern Asia. In the USSR there are five species found in the forests of the Far East. The edible berries, very rich in ascorbic acid, are used as food (either raw, boiled, or dried) or as a confection.

In the USSR the Amur gooseberry (Actinidia kolomikta) is the principal cultivated species; it is a very hardy vitamin-rich plant (the fruit contains about 0.7 percent vitamin C, 4.2–9.8 percent sugars, 0.78–2.48 percent organic acid, and 0.73 percent pectin). The berries are eaten raw or in preserves; they are also used as preventive and therapeutic medicine in home remedies for scurvy, tuberculosis, and other diseases. The bower actinidia (Actinidia arguta) produces fruit with a pineapple scent; its vitamin C content is only a fraction of that of Actinidia kolomikta. Actinidia arguta is cultivated as a decorative plant. The silvervine (Actinidia polygama) has a large fruit that becomes edible after frosts. Actinidia giraldii, a species close to Actinidia arguta, has a large fruit up to 4 cm in diameter; it is never cultivated. Actinidia sugawarana, similar to Actinidia polygama, is also uncultivated. Of interest for cultivation in the USSR is the Chinese actinidia (Actinidia chinensis), a decorative plant with a large aromatic fruit up to 5 cm long. Cultivated species are reproduced with seeds and cuttings in well-drained soil rich in leaf humus. I. V. Michurin produced valuable new varieties of Actinidia —the pineapple actinidia, the Klara Tsetkin, the turnip-shaped actinidia, and others.

REFERENCES

Enikeev, Kh. K. and I. N. Shashkin, Vostochnoaziatskie vidy kostochkovykh i aktinidii. Moscow, 1937.
Derev’ia i kustarniki SSSR, vol. 4. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
destructor has a rather high reproductive capacity on mango plant as compared to Actinidia in China and has many overlapping generations from July to December in Pakistan each year.
2003), a Chinese herbal compound, Weikang Keli (WK), constitutes six ingredients including Root of Codonopsis pilosula, Rhizoma Atractylodis Macrocephalae, Rhizoma Curcumae Aeruginosae, Rhizoma Pinelliae, Actinidia chinensis Planch, and Rhodiola rosea, can be used in the therapy against cancer.
The kiwifruit is from the cultivar group of the woody vine Actinidia deliciosa and hybrids between this and other species in the genus Actinidia.
Certain plants will only root in containers in a cool greenhouse with a gentle heat at their base, including hibiscus, wisteria and actinidia.
Restriction-size variation of PCR-amplified chloroplast DNA regions and its implication for the evolution and taxonomy of Actinidia.
The two main hardy species of kiwifruits, Actinidia arguta (hardy) and A.
When it comes to foliage, three climbers really stand out - the grape vine, Vitis vinifera, Vitis coignetiae, which has huge leaves that colour richly in the autumn, and Actinidia kolomikta, the cousin of the Kiwi fruit, whose leaves are pink, white and green, and whose small white flowers are beautifully scented.
Unique Characteristics: Dried material; stem of fruit has gnarled appearance; Actinidia is cultivated as an ornamental vine for its edible fruit.
GROUND COVERS AND VINES: Actinidia kolomikta Euonymus fortunei.
Although it's a compact grower, the top flowers are mingling with the dramatic pink and white leaves of Actinidia kolomikta.
Abutilon, Actinidia, Camellia, Carpenteria, Ceanothus, Chaenomeles, Clematis, Cotoneaster, Cytisus, Eccremocarpus, Fremontodendron, Garrya, Hedera, Hoheria, Humulus, Hydrangea, Jasminum, Lathyrus, Lippia, Lonicear, Magnolia, Parthenocissus, Passiflora, Phygelius, Polygonum, Pyracantha, Ribes, Solanum, Vitis, Wisteria.