Maritain distanced himself from Bergsonianism and for a while under the influence of his priest moved towards the nationalist, neo-royalist group Action francaise
Charles Maurras was a leading figure of the anti-democratic right in France for more than 50 years, and his highly polemical paper, Action francaise
, was bitterly critical of everything the liberal democratic West now values, whether cultural pluralism, political equality, or what Maurras mocked as the human-rights heritage of the French Revolution.
Chapters on France include Peter Bemardi's "French Jesuits and the Action Francaise
," which discusses the role of the Jesuits Pedro Descoqs, Pierre Rousellot, and Cardinal Louis Billot, who sympathized with the royalist, anti-Semitic group that was subsequently condemned by Pius XI in 1926.
But the hussars have a bad reputation: to fail to disavow one's roots in Action francaise
means to be automatically labeled a maurrassien or a fascist.
Among specific topics are a reassessment of Jesuits and Portuguese conversos, Jesuits and the history of Judaism in China, French Jesuits and Action Francaise
, and American Jesuit support of Father Charles E.
Charles Maurras, leader of the deeply reactionary Action Francaise
, saw Coubertin's Olympics as a liberal Anglo-Saxon plot to undermine racial vigour and native pride.
Aware of the substantial divergences which characterized the Catholic circles of France, Groulx had very little contact with the core members of the Action francaise
movement and preferred to associate with intellectuals and activists whose views on religion, on the one hand, suffered no ambiguity, and took a serious interest, on the other hand, in French Canadian affairs.
Historians of antisemitism in France have looked upon the Restoration (1814-30) and July Monarchy (1830-48) as comprising a tranquil period, particularly when compared with the tumultuous and bitter fin-de-siecle Dreyfus Affair, the rise of the Action Francaise
and French fascism, the restrictive policies of the Vichy regime, and the Nazi Holocaust.
Si nos remontamos algunas decadas, la ruptura de 1971 conocida bajo el nombre de Nouvelle Action francaise
(NAF) es realizada en nombre de los origenes revolucionarios du royalisme, de un Maurras que no debia ser una pieza de museo, d'un autre Maurras, del Maurras-socialista (6) (pas evidemment dans le sens marxiste), de l'AF que se habria expresado, Valois mediante, en el Cercle Proudhon (7).
Y es que el PAN se traiciono a si mismo y olvido su esencia original, alla cuando sus ilustres fundadores se inspiraron, tengo la sospecha, en aquel clasico movimiento de la derecha llamada la Action Francaise
, movimiento catolico, medio monarquico, medio burgues, conservador, antisemita, antisindical y etcetera, etcetera.
The Cagoule, formally the Comite secret d'action revolutionnaire (Secret Committee of Revolutionary Action), sprang from a late-1935 fracture within the royalist Action Francaise
Barres is and always has been a prime candidate for the label "protofascist" if only for his outspoken anti-Semitism, especially relative to the Dreyfus Affair, and its connection to a nationalism just this side of Blut und Boden as well as close relationships with the burgeoning parent fascist movement, the Action Francaise