Action Française

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Action Française

 

the reactionary monarchist political organization which arose in France in 1899 under the leadership of C. Maurras. It took shape organizationally in 1905 and existed under this name until 1944, basing itself on reactionary nationalist circles of the militarist clique and aristocracy.

In the 1930’s, Action Française assumed a clearly fascist character. Under its leadership, armed detachments—Les Camelots du Roi (The King’s Hawkers)—were created; they participated in the fascist putsch of Feb. 6, 1934. During the German fascist occupation of France (1940–44), the organization existed legally and gave active support to the Pétain government’s policy of collaboration with the occupiers. After the liberation of France in 1944, Action Française was liquidated. However, by 1947 it was in effect reestablished. Monarchist elements are grouped around its newspaper Aspects de la France.

References in periodicals archive ?
Maritain distanced himself from Bergsonianism and for a while under the influence of his priest moved towards the nationalist, neo-royalist group Action francaise.
Charles Maurras was a leading figure of the anti-democratic right in France for more than 50 years, and his highly polemical paper, Action francaise, was bitterly critical of everything the liberal democratic West now values, whether cultural pluralism, political equality, or what Maurras mocked as the human-rights heritage of the French Revolution.
Chapters on France include Peter Bemardi's "French Jesuits and the Action Francaise," which discusses the role of the Jesuits Pedro Descoqs, Pierre Rousellot, and Cardinal Louis Billot, who sympathized with the royalist, anti-Semitic group that was subsequently condemned by Pius XI in 1926.
But the hussars have a bad reputation: to fail to disavow one's roots in Action francaise means to be automatically labeled a maurrassien or a fascist.
Among specific topics are a reassessment of Jesuits and Portuguese conversos, Jesuits and the history of Judaism in China, French Jesuits and Action Francaise, and American Jesuit support of Father Charles E.
Charles Maurras, leader of the deeply reactionary Action Francaise, saw Coubertin's Olympics as a liberal Anglo-Saxon plot to undermine racial vigour and native pride.
Aware of the substantial divergences which characterized the Catholic circles of France, Groulx had very little contact with the core members of the Action francaise movement and preferred to associate with intellectuals and activists whose views on religion, on the one hand, suffered no ambiguity, and took a serious interest, on the other hand, in French Canadian affairs.
Historians of antisemitism in France have looked upon the Restoration (1814-30) and July Monarchy (1830-48) as comprising a tranquil period, particularly when compared with the tumultuous and bitter fin-de-siecle Dreyfus Affair, the rise of the Action Francaise and French fascism, the restrictive policies of the Vichy regime, and the Nazi Holocaust.
Si nos remontamos algunas decadas, la ruptura de 1971 conocida bajo el nombre de Nouvelle Action francaise (NAF) es realizada en nombre de los origenes revolucionarios du royalisme, de un Maurras que no debia ser una pieza de museo, d'un autre Maurras, del Maurras-socialista (6) (pas evidemment dans le sens marxiste), de l'AF que se habria expresado, Valois mediante, en el Cercle Proudhon (7).
Y es que el PAN se traiciono a si mismo y olvido su esencia original, alla cuando sus ilustres fundadores se inspiraron, tengo la sospecha, en aquel clasico movimiento de la derecha llamada la Action Francaise, movimiento catolico, medio monarquico, medio burgues, conservador, antisemita, antisindical y etcetera, etcetera.
The Cagoule, formally the Comite secret d'action revolutionnaire (Secret Committee of Revolutionary Action), sprang from a late-1935 fracture within the royalist Action Francaise.
Barres is and always has been a prime candidate for the label "protofascist" if only for his outspoken anti-Semitism, especially relative to the Dreyfus Affair, and its connection to a nationalism just this side of Blut und Boden as well as close relationships with the burgeoning parent fascist movement, the Action Francaise.
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