# Active Power

## active power

[′ak·tiv ′pau̇·ər]
(electricity)
The product of the voltage across a branch of an alternating-current circuit and the component of the electric current that is in phase with the voltage.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Active Power

the average value over time of the instantaneous power of alternating current. The active power P depends on the acting values of the voltage V and the strength of the current I and on the cosine ϕ, where ϕ is the angle of phase displacement between V and I. In an electric circuit of a single-phase alternating current (sinoid), P = VI cos ϕ (for a three-phase current, P = VI cos ϕ ). The effective value can also be expressed through the strength of the current, the voltage and the active component resistance of the circuit r or its conductivity g according to the formula P = I2 x r = V2 x g. In any electric circuit of sinoidal or nonsinoidal current, the active power of the entire circuit is equal to the sum of the active power of the individual sections of the circuit. The relation between the active power and the full power S is expressed in the equation P = S cos ϕ. The unit of measurement of active power is the watt.

References in classic literature ?
As every man at heart wishes the best and not inferior society, wishes to be convicted of his error and to come to himself,--so he wishes that the same healing should not stop in his thought, but should penetrate his will or active power. The selfish man suffers more from his selfishness than he from whom that selfishness withholds some important benefit.
Every active power in the exuberant vital force that was in her rose in revolt against the destruction which her own will would fain have wreaked on her own life.
In the second stage, answering to the chrysalis stage of butterflies, they have six pairs of beautifully constructed natatory legs, a pair of magnificent compound eyes, and extremely complex antennae; but they have a closed and imperfect mouth, and cannot feed: their function at this stage is, to search by their well-developed organs of sense, and to reach by their active powers of swimming, a proper place on which to become attached and to undergo their final metamorphosis.
When really touched by affliction, her active powers had been all benumbed; and neither Lady Bertram nor Tom had received from her the smallest support or attempt at support.
This they would have found some difficulty in doing, had Tom continued the war single-handed, or rather single-footed, for he would have taken to the deepest part of Pebbly Brook to escape them; but, like other active powers, he was ruined by his alliances.
Our intellectual and active powers increase with our affection.
It is planned to reconstruct an open switchgear, a control center, and an automatic frequency and active power control system as part of the repair and restoration work at Azerbaijan's Shamkir Hydroelectric Power Station,Trendreports quoting Azerenergy.
Recently, DeLattre has worked in senior sales & marketing positions at Vycon, Pentadyne Power Corp, Cherokee International as well as Active Power.
Some of the measures that can be taken to improve power quality are the deployment of automatic voltage control devices, active power factor correction devices, source and load balancers and digital substations; control and management of peak power; and efficient reactive power management.
His topics are the criticism of ideas on power, the active power of the subject, the reflexive power of the subject, the passivity of the subject faced with the power of history, and the impersonalization of power in the contemporary novel.

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