failure

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failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
References in periodicals archive ?
Terraciano et al., "Non-invasive ventilation for treating acute respiratory failure in AIDS patients with pneumocystis carinii pneumonia," Intensive Care Medicine, vol.
Serum MMP-8 and TIMP-1 in critically ill patients with acute respiratory failure: TIMP-1 is associated with increased 90-day mortality.
of Mortality cases (%) (%) Type I paralysis(acute 26 (52) 3 (11.54) cholinergic crisis) Acute respiratory failure 16 (32) 10 (62.5) Aspiration pneumonitis 12 (24) 4 (33.33) Sudden cardiac arrest 8 (16) 6 (75) ARDS 6 (12) 6 (100) Type II paralysis (IMS) 5 (10) 4 (80) Resecretion 2 (4) 1 (50) GBS -- -- Table 6: Outcome and hospital stay-wise distribution Outcome Total Duration of hospital stay (in days) First Second Survived (discharge) 32 -- -- Expired 16 10 (62.5) 3 (18.75) Absconded or DAMA 2 -- -- Outcome Duration of hospital stay (in days) Third Fourth [greater than or equal to] Fifth Survived (discharge) 2 (6.25) 2 (6.25) 28 (87.5) Expired 2 (12.5) 1 (6.25) -- Absconded or DAMA 2 (100) -- --
[sup][3],[10],[11],[12],[13],[14] In our previous study which examined the predictors for the duration of MV, it is noted that a high ratio of intentional CO poisoning in patients with severe CO poisoning and acute respiratory failure in Taiwan.
Delayed treatment contributes to mortality in ICU patients with severe active pulmonary tuberculosis and acute respiratory failure. Intensive Care Med 2001; 27(3):513520.
The authors randomly assigned 30 infants, all experiencing mild acute respiratory failure resulting from respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), to receive CPAP from a helmet or from a face mask.
Safety and efficacy of fully closed-loop control ventilation (IntelliVent-ASV) in sedated ICU patients with acute respiratory failure: A prospective randomised crossover study.
Staudinger et al., "Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in adult patients with hematologic malignancies and severe acute respiratory failure," Critical Care, vol.
The established weaning criteria was routinely followed in the ICU i-e improvement of the cause of Acute respiratory failure that led to the use of ventilation support, correction of arterial hypoxemia (arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) of greater than 60 mm Hg, fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) of less than or equal to 0.4, and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of less than or equal to 5 cm H2O during pressure support ventilation.
Medical evaluation conducted in June also revealed that the OFW suffers from an acute renal failure, acute respiratory failure and stage 3 chronic kidney disease.
Noninvasive vs invasive ventilation in COPD patients with severe acute respiratory failure deemed to require ventilatory assistance.
Pleuroscopy is indicated in patients with acute respiratory failure due to an unresolved exudative pleural effusion but it may not be possible to move such patients to the operating theatre or endoscopy room for pleuroscopy due to their critical condition.

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