acute appendicitis


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Related to acute appendicitis: chronic appendicitis

acute appendicitis

[ə′kyüt ə‚pen·də′sīd·əs]
(medicine)
A sudden, severe attack of appendicitis characterized by abdominal pain, usually localized in the lower right quadrant, with nausea, vomiting, and constipation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Out of all the patient who underwent appendicectomy, 31 (59.62%) were histologically positive for acute appendicitis and 21 (40.38%) were histologically negative.
The mean age of presentation of patients with acute appendicitis at both hospitals combined was 8.8 (range 0.7-15.0) years, with 13.4% (73 patients) presenting under the age of 6 years.
PCT, IL-6, IL-2, and D-dimer plasma levels are elevated at different levels in the course of acute appendicitis (5).
The sensitivity and specificity of procalcitonin for diagnosing acute appendicitis were 65% and 80%, respectively, with positive and negative likelihood ratios of 3.25 and 0.43, respectively, and positive and negative predictive values of 90% and 43%, respectively.
The incidence of acute appendicitis associated with SIT is reported to be between 0.016% and 0.024%.
Typical development of acute appendicitis includes pain that begins in the central abdomen and subsequently migrates to the right lower abdomen at the right iliac fossa (RIF); movement exacerbates the discomfort (Flum, 2015; Lee, 2017).
[2-4] Acute appendicitis is a common disease that is treated definitively by a relatively simple surgical operation.
The occurrence of omental torsion on the right flank more commonly leads to difficulties in differential diagnosis from diseases such as acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, and cecal diverticulitis.

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