(redirected from Acute bacterial prostatitis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.


(prŏs'tətī`tĭs), inflammation of the prostate glandprostate gland,
gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It is an organ about the size of a chestnut and consists of glandular and muscular tissue. It is situated below the neck of the bladder, encircling the urethra.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Acute prostatitis is usually a result of infection in the urinary tract or infection carried by the blood; in many cases the infection spreads from the urethra and is contracted through sexual transmission. Symptoms include fever, low back pain, and difficulty or pain in urination; the gland is tender and swollen. Infection, caused by a variety of pathogenic bacteria and certain protozoans, is treated by an appropriate antibioticantibiotic,
any of a variety of substances, usually obtained from microorganisms, that inhibit the growth of or destroy certain other microorganisms. Types of Antibiotics
..... Click the link for more information.
. Healing is usually complete, but the condition may become chronic if the infecting organism persists.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland caused by gonococcal, staphylococcal, streptococcal, or tuberculous infection, trichomonads, or other factors. The symptoms of acute prostatitis are a burning sensation in the urethra, frequent and painful urination, and the presence of pus in the urine; other possible symptoms are elevated temperature, a sharp pain in the perineum, and acute retention of urine. All the symptoms are more pronounced if the prostate is abscessed. Chronic prostatitis may result from acute prostatitis or develop as an independent illness; it is characterized by malaise, dull pain in the perineum and lumbosacral region, impairment of sexual function, and frequent urination.

Treatment of acute prostatitis includes bed rest, antimicrobial therapy, application of heat, and the administration of pain relievers and antispasmodics. Surgery is indicated if an abscess has formed. Chronic prostatitis is treated with massage of the prostate and pelotherapy in addition to the above measures.


Pytel’, A. Ia., and N. A. Lopatkin. Urologiia. Moscow, 1970.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the prostate.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Most patients (~85%) diagnosed with acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP-National Institutes of Health type I) can be successfully treated as outpatients with oral antimicrobials [12].
Acute bacterial prostatitis requires prompt treatment, as the condition can lead to bladder infections, abscesses in the prostate or, in extreme cases, completely blocked urine flow.
When acute bacterial prostatitis is suspected, midstream urine is examined for bacterial culture, and blood cultures and blood are examined for complete blood count, C-reactive protein, procaltitonin, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA).
Between December 1995 and June 1996, we investigated 24 patients with acute bacterial prostatitis (ABP), using a prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) nested reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR assay [4] to detect prostate epithelial cell dissemination in peripheral blood.
Initially, some prostate microabscesses can appear and if they do not respond adequately to antibiotic treatment or if no treatment is started; this situation can lead to the onset of prostate abscesses of different dimensions.[sup.1] Such abscesses usually are complications of acute bacterial prostatitis that have either not been treated or been inappropriately treated.[sup.16] Although symptoms overlap with those of acute prostatitis, an abscess must be suspected when symptoms do not resolve after 48 hours of intravenous antibiotic therapy.

Full browser ?