laryngitis

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Related to Acute laryngitis: Chronic laryngitis, acute pharyngitis

laryngitis,

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the voice box, or larynxlarynx
, organ of voice in mammals. Commonly known as the voice box, the larynx is a tubular chamber about 2 in. (5 cm) high, consisting of walls of cartilage bound by ligaments and membranes, and moved by muscles. The human larynx extends from the trachea, or windpipe.
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, usually accompanied by hoarseness, sore throat, and coughing. Acute laryngitis is often a secondary bacterial infection triggered by infecting agents causing such illnesses as colds, measles, whooping cough, or influenza. It may also result from straining the voice, drinking hot liquids, or exposure to irritating gases. In chronic laryngitis, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx persists. When such a condition continues for long periods, the membrane becomes irreversibly thickened and the voice permanently changed. Laryngitis resulting from weakened laryngeal muscles is common in singers, teachers, and others who use the voice professionally.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Laryngitis

 

inflammation of the laryngeal mucosa.

Acute and chronic laryngitis are distinguished. Acute laryngitis is most often caused by infection and arises, for example, with influenza and acute respiratory diseases. It may also be a symptom of infectious diseases, such as measles and scarlet fever, and is fostered by overchilling (general or local), inhaling gases, and diet deficiencies. It is manifested by a sensation of dryness and tickling in the throat, followed by a dry cough. Disturbance of voice production (dysphonia) and incomplete closure of the true vocal cords set in. The process may be transferred to the mucosa of the nose and pharynx or to the trachea and bronchi.

Chronic laryngitis is a result of repeated acute laryngitis and of frequent and prolonged improper use of the vocal apparatus. Predisposing factors include smoking and the use of alcohol. The principal symptom of chronic laryngitis is a disturbance of voice production, expressed to varying degrees, including complete loss of the voice (aphonia). A dry cough is also present.

Acute laryngitis should be treated by a “vocal regime,” that is, by complete rest of the larynx for five to seven days (by silence or speaking in a whisper), a sparing diet, and exclusion from the diet of substances irritating to the mucosa and of all excessively cold or hot foods. Warm drinks, neck warmth provided by a bandage or compress, and inhalation are recommended. Medication is used according to the physician’s prescription. Chronic laryngitis is treated by eliminating the factors fostering its development (in particular, improper use of the voice, smoking, and alcohol).

REFERENCES

Rutenburg, D. M. “Vospalitel’nye zabolevaniia gortani i trakhei.” In Khirurgicheskie bolezni glotki, gortani, trakhei, bronkhov i pishchevoda. Moscow, 1954.
Bolezni ukha, gorla i nosa, 2nd ed. Edited by D. A. Pigulevskii. Leningrad, 1969.

N. A. PREOBRAZHENSKII

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

laryngitis

[‚lar·ən′jīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the larynx.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Bacterial pathogens that have been associated with acute laryngitis include Moraxella catarrhalis, Haemophilus influenzae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, with M catarrhalis being the most common.
Causes Percentage (Present Series) 1 Malignancy of Larynx 10 (20%) 2 Malignancy of Hypopharynx 10 (20%) 3 Acute Laryngitis 8 (16%) 4 Chronic Laryngitis 8 (16%) 5 Benign Tumours of the Larynx 10 (20%) 6 Vocal Cord Paralysis 4 (8%) 100 Table 2: Showing Distribution in 50 Cases of Hoarseness of Voice Sex Percentage (Present Series) Male 34 (68%) Female 16 (32%) Table 3: Showing Malignancy of Larynx Causing of Hoarseness of Voice Site No.
His symptoms and examination findings suggested acute laryngitis superimposed on chronic radiation laryngitis (figures 1 and 2).
A "FIT and healthy" father of one died suddenly from acute laryngitis - despite thinking he was on the mend from a simple sore throat, an inquest has heard.
The Bat Out of Hell singer was due to perform in front of thousands but pulled out after suffering from acute laryngitis. Meat Loaf, 60, was just over an hour into his performance at Newcastle's Metro Radio Arena on Wednesday when he stopped during song Paradise By The Dashboard Light telling fans he couldn't continue.
Rock legend Meat Loaf was forced to pull out of his planned concert at Birmingham NEC last night, due to acute laryngitis.
"Acute laryngitis" was also blamed when the band cancelled a sell-out gig in Dublin in March, 10 minutes before they were due on stage, after Keisha and Heidi had an almighty catfight.
A spokesman insisted: "Two of the girls have acute laryngitis so the shows were cancelled.
Strobovideolaryngoscopy revealed acute laryngitis, which was characterized by diffuse erythema and mild edema.
A spokesman for the Sugababes said: "Two of the girl have got acute laryngitis so the shows were cancelled.
James Jackson offered his own "enlightened diagnosis." [6] He wrote that Washington's final illness had been acute laryngitis, in which inflammation had extended beyond the mucous membrane of the larynx to the surrounding tissues.
Strobovideolaryngoscopy revealed acute laryngitis with erythema and edema of both vocal folds, copious thick secretions, and slight irregularities in both vocal fold edges (figure).

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