failure

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Related to Acute liver failure: Chronic liver failure

failure

[′fāl·yər]
(engineering)
A permanent change in the volume of a powder or the stresses within it.
(mechanics)
Condition caused by collapse, break, or bending, so that a structure or structural element can no longer fulfill its purpose.

Failure

A condition when a structure or material ceases to fulfill its required purpose. The failure of a structural member may be caused by elastic deformation, fracture, or excessive deflection. The nonstructural failure of a material may be due to weathering, abrasion, or chemical action.

Failure

 

Failure is a consequence of a change in the parameters of a device or of its parts, resulting from internal physicochemical processes and the effect of the environment.

A distinction is made between sudden failure and gradual failure. Sudden failure is characterized by an abrupt change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the burnout of the incandescent filament in an electric lamp); in gradual failure, there is a slow change in the values of one or more fundamental parameters of a device (for example, the decrease of engine power to a level below the rated power). The criteria for failure are established in the technical specifications for a particular item.

As a result of failure, a device may stop operating completely, or its operating efficiency may fall below the permissible level. Failure of an element in a device that is not caused by damage to other elements is called independent failure; failure resulting from damage or the complete failure of other elements is called dependent failure.

V. N. FOMIN

What does it mean when you dream about a failure?

Dreaming about failing, in school or in some task, may simply be an expression of anxiety (i.e., it is not a sign predicting that someone will fail). People who regularly dream of failing are often perfectionists.

failure

In structural engineering, that condition of a structural element (or its material components) which renders it incapable of continuing the load-carrying function for which it was designed; may be caused by fracture or by excessive and permanent plastic deformation.

Failure

Army Bomb Plot
attempted assassination of Hitler; his miraculous escape brought dreadful retaliation (1944). [Ger. Hist.: Van Doren, 500]
Brown, Charlie
comic strip character for whom losing is a way of life. [Comics: “Peanuts” in Horn, 542–543]
Bunion Derby
financially disastrous cross-country marathon. [Am. Hist.: Sann, 48–56]
Carker, John
broken-spirited man occupying subordinate position. [Br. Lit.: Dombey and Son]
Edsel
much bruited automobile fails on market (1950s). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 78]
English, Julian
contentious and unloved salesman; commits suicide in despair. [Am. Lit.: Appointment in Samarra]
Gunpowder Plot
attempt to blow up the Parliament building; led to the execution of its leader, Guy Fawkes (1605). [Brit. Hist.: EB, IV: 70–71]
Little Tramp Chaplin’s
much-loved, much-imitated hapless, “I’m a failure” persona. [Am. Cinema: Griffith, 79]
Loman, Willy
traveling salesman who gradually comes to realize that his life has been a complete failure; commits suicide. [Am. Lit.: The Death of a Salesman, Payton, 397]
Mighty Casey
ignominiously strikes out in the clutch. [Am. Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turkin, 642]
Reardon, Edwin
very promising writer who, after unsuccessful publication, returns to clerical job. [Br. Lit.: New Grub Street, Magill I, 647–649]
Skid Row
district of down-and-outs and bums. [Am. Usage: Brewer Dictionary, 1008]
WIN buttons
President Ford’s scheme to reduce inflation: for the American public to wear shields stating “WIN.” (Whip Inflation Now). [Am. Hist.: Misc.]
World League
“ingenious” creation of a third professional league that never materialized. [Am. Sports: Misc.]
Yank
steamship stoker vainly tries to climb the social ladder, then fails in attempt to avenge himself on society. [Am. Drama: O’Neill The Hairy Ape in Sobel, 339]

failure

The inability of a system or system component to perform a required function within specified limits. A failure may be produced when a fault is encountered.
References in periodicals archive ?
Grant, "Acute liver failure following therapeutic paracetamol administration in patients with muscular dystrophies," Anaesthesia, vol.
Vergani, "The importance of immune dysfunction in determining outcome in acute liver failure," Journal of Hepatology, vol.
Etiology and outcome of acute liver failure: experience from a liver transplantation centre in Montreal.
Stanzani et al., "Extracorporeal liver assist device to exchange albumin and remove endotoxin in acute liver failure: results of a pivotal pre-clinical study," Journal of Hepatology, vol.
Chung, "Acute liver failure: mechanisms of hepatocyte injury and regeneration," Seminars in Liver Disease, vol.
Hu et al., "The effects of high-dose qinggan huoxue recipe on acute liver failure induced by D-galactosamine in rats," Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol.
(26) A study of NAC administered as continuous infusion for 72 hours in patients with acute liver failure found that the transplant-free survival rate was 40% for NAC in comparison with 27% for placebo.
The chapters on the liver address immunology, inborn errors of metabolism, hepatitis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic liver disease, primary sclerosing cholangitis, primary biliary cirrhosis, autoimmune hepatitis, amebic liver abscess, pyogenic liver abscess, hydatid cysts, leptospirosis, cirrhosis, ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, hepatocellular carcinoma, portal hypertension, hepatorenal syndrome, drug-induced liver injury, acute liver failure, biliary atresia, liver diseases in pregnancy, liver transplantation, gallstone disease, cholangiocarcinoma, acute and chronic pancreatitis, and pancreatic cancer, including information on pathogenesis, epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, clinical features, treatment, differential diagnosis, prognosis, and other aspects.
(6-8) Unless accounted for appropriately, these novel therapies may increase the risk for HBV reactivation and subsequently result in acute liver failure in HBV carriers.
Little Phoebe suffered acute liver failure when she was just 22 months old.
Rich had suffered acute liver failure and was given just 48 hours to live.
Acute liver failure (ALF), with a high mortality rate, is a serious clinical condition.

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