Mediastinitis

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mediastinitis

[‚mē·dē‚as·tə′nīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the mediastinum.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mediastinitis

 

inflammation of the mediastinum, arising as a result of injury (most often, to the esophagus) or disease of the organs of the thoracic cavity, neck, and oral cavity.

Mediastinitis may be acute or chronic. The acute form is manifested by elevated temperature, chills, chest pains, difficulty in swallowing and breathing, and cough. The principal indications of chronic mediastinitis are symptoms of venous, tracheal, and esophageal compression. The treatment of mediastinitis is usually surgical. Preventive measures include timely diagnosis and effective treatment of the diseases that lead to the condition.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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