Otitis

(redirected from Acute otitis media)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms.

otitis

[ō′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the ear.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Otitis

 

inflammation of the external, middle, or internal ear.

Otitis externa affects the skin of the auricle and external auditory meatus and proceeds with the formation of furuncles and eczema, as in other skin inflammations.

Otitis media may be acute or chronic. The acute form results from the penetration of microbes into the middle ear from the nose and nasopharynx in influenza and other infectious diseases. It occurs more often in children than in adults, because children are more susceptible to colds and adenoids. The symptoms are shooting pains in the ear, loss of hearing, elevated temperature, and suppurative discharges from the ear that often appear in the first day and sometimes even the first hours of the disease. In infants, acute otitis media causes restlessness and insomnia. The baby cries, turns its head, holds the affected ear with its hand, and refuses the breast because pain in the ear intensifies with swallowing. The inflammation is treated by tamponade with an alcoholic solution of boric acid or some other antiseptic; in some cases the tympanic membrane is punctured by paracentesis. In most cases, recovery is possible with prompt treatment. However, if the body is debilitated and other conditions are unfavorable, the disease may become chronic, in which case pus is discharged from the ear, and hearing is permanently impaired. Inflammation of the internal ear and meningitis—inflammation of the brain membranes—are possible complications.

Inflammation of the internal ear—labyrinthitis, or otitis interna—arises not only with otitis media but often in children with epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. When labyrinthitis is diffuse, all or almost all the endings of the acoustic nerve in the internal ear die, and complete or almost complete deafness results. With localized labyrinthitis hearing is partly preserved. Labyrinthitis is treated with antibiotics and surgery of the temporal bone.

REFERENCE

Temkin, Ia. S. Ostryi otit i ego oslozhneniia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.

L. V. NEIMAN

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Otoscopy also is essential to differentiate acute otitis media from otitis media with effusion, Dr.
Restricted use of antibiotic prophylax is for recurrent acute otitis media in the era of penicillin non susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Homeopathic Ear Drops As An Adjunct To Standard Therapy In Children With Acute Otitis Media. Homeopathy, 2011, 100, 109-115.
(9.) Lopez, P., et al., Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae: Primary causes of acute otitis media in Colombian children.
Conclusion: Acute otitis media incidence among unvaccinated children in our study may be useful as baseline data to assess impact of pneumococcal vaccine introduction in the Brazilian National Immunization Program in April 2010.
In 2004, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians released a clinical practice guideline on the management of acute otitis media that included endorsement of an observation option for selected cases and recommendations of specific antibiotics.
Children identified with acute otitis media, acute otitis media with rhinitis and Otitis externa were treated with topical and systemic antibiotics along with antihistamines and were followed up till resolution.
Among this, one patient suffered from acute pharyngitis, one from sinusitis and one from acute otitis media. A patient with chronic suppurative otitis media showed the presence of Proteus vulgaris.
The incidence of acute otitis media is several-fold higher in SSA than in the rest of the world, and SSA has the second-highest incidence of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM).
Fever is relatively common in children with acute otitis media. Schwartz et al, (1) presented a case series of 671 children with otitis media.
A new, more stringent definition of acute odds media that focuses on tympanic membrane appearance on otoscopy and downplays the diagnostic role of symptoms highlighted the new acute otitis media diagnosis and management guidelines released by the American Academy of Pediatrics on Feb.
This study looked at the effect of maternal influenza vaccination on the susceptibility of their young babies to acute otitis media and acute respiratory infections.

Full browser ?