sinusitis

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Related to Acute sinusitis: Chronic sinusitis

sinusitis

inflammation of the membrane lining a sinus, esp a nasal sinus

Sinusitis

 

an inflammation of the paranasal sinuses in man and animals. In humans, acute sinusitis usually arises as a complication of influenza, acute respiratory diseases, or other infectious diseases; chronic sinusitis develops from acute sinusitis that has not been completely cured.

The general symptoms of acute sinusitis include elevated body temperature, headache, abundant nasal discharge, and difficulty in breathing through the nose, most often on one side. With chronic sinusitis, there is usually no increase in body temperature and the other symptoms are less pronounced. Localization of the process determines the symptoms. Sinusitis may be catarrhal or purulent, depending on the type of inflammation. With chronic sinusitis, proliferations of the mucosa (polyps) often form in the paranasal sinuses and the nasal cavity.

Several different forms of sinusitis are distinguished, depending on which sinus is affected. The most common form is maxillary sinusitis, which is an inflammation of the maxillary sinus. With frontal sinusitis, the frontal sinus becomes inflamed; with ethmoid sinusitis, the ethmoidal labyrinth; and with sphenoid sinusitis, the sphenoidal sinus. Sometimes the inflammatory process spreads to all the paranasal sinuses on one or both sides (pansinusitis). Treatment includes the use of medicinal agents, the administration of heat (hot-water bag, compress), and physical therapy. Sometimes surgical treatment is indicated. Prophylaxis includes the timely treatment of the cause of the disease. [23–1294–]

sinusitis

[‚sī·nə′sīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of a paranasal sinus.
References in periodicals archive ?
In all, there were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence of major and minor signs and symptoms for acute sinusitis.
00% * ATC = Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Table 4: Antimicrobials most often prescribed for the different disease states presented in patients in the age group 21 to 40 years DISEASE STATE MOST ANTIMICROBIAL MOST OFTEN CLINIC OFTEN DIAGNOSED PRESCRIBED A Viral influenza Co-trimoxaszole 480mg (J01EE01) B Viral influenza Amoxycillin 250mg (J01CA04) C Acute bronchitis Amoxycillin 250mg (J01CA04) D Upper respiratory infection Amoxycillin 250mg (J01CA04) E Acute sinusitis Amoxycillin 250mg (J01CA04) F Viral influenza Co-trimoxazole 480mg (J01EE01) G Acute bronchitis Amoxycillin 250mg (J01CA04) H Acute bronchitis Amoxycillin 250mg (J01CA04) I Acute bronchitis Amoxycillin 250mg (J01CA04)
Bromelain, an enzyme derived from pineapple, has been reported to relieve symptoms of acute sinusitis
Telithromycin is approved for once-daily treatment of CAP, acute sinusitis, and acute bacterial exacerbations of chronic bronchitis in patients [greater than or equal to]18 years of age.
Most cases of acute sinusitis start with a common cold, which is caused by a virus.
We don't recommend that people wait ten days before seeing a doctor if they're suffering with symptoms that suggest acute sinusitis," says James T.
5% of office visits for acute sinusitis were made to otolaryngologists, which may explain the poor performance in our study.
An online clinic launched by HealthPartners Health Plan in Minneapolis delivered savings of $88 per care episode--plus high patient satisfaction ratings--for simple conditions such as acute sinusitis and urinary tract infections, according to a recent study.
The symptoms of acute sinusitis in adults usually follow a cold that does not improve, or one that gets worse after 5 - 7 days of symptoms.
While the overall results tended to confirm previous clinical findings - for example, that female fibromyalgia or migraine patients report more pain than their male counterparts - the search also unearthed previously unreported gender differences in pain intensity for particular diseases, for example acute sinusitis and "cervical spine disorders," more commonly known as neck pain.
catarrhalis to be a frequent isolate in cultures from patients with acute sinusitis.
Researchers compared bromelain with standard therapies, both alone and in combination, in 116 children under the age of 11 suffering from acute sinusitis.

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