Myelitis

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myelitis

[‚mī·ə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Inflammation of the bone marrow.

Myelitis

 

inflammation of the spinal cord.

Primary myelitides are caused by various neurotropic viruses; secondary myelitides are caused by infections, allergies, and injuries. The inflammation is rarely isolated to the spinal cord; the sheath of the spinal cord and the nerve roots are also often affected. Primary focal myelitis develops in acute form and is characterized by elevation in temperature, pain, and disturbances of nervous-system function. Death of nerve cells results in flaccid paralyses, segmental disturbance of sensitivity, and spastic pareses; pelvic disturbances (urinary or fecal incontinence or retention) are not uncommon. Bedsores, edema, and hyperhidrosis are often encountered.

Treatment includes vitamin therapy and administration of antibiotics and desensitizing agents; orthopedic packs are suggested to relieve paralysis. Treatment during the period of myelitis sequelae includes massage, exercise, balneotherapy, and administration of stimulants.

L. O. BADALIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Prognostic predictors of acute transverse myelitis.
Caption: Figure 4: Signal change involving <1/2 of the cross-section area of cord in case of acute transverse myelitis
Autoimmune/idiopathic Multiple sclerosis (MS) Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) 2.
Acute transverse myelitis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Acute transverse myelitis in systemic lupus erythematosus: a case of rapid diagnosis and complete recovery.
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a group of disorders that are characterised by acute, non-traumatic inflammation of the spinal cord in a well-defined area.
Acute transverse myelitis following hepatitis E virus infection.
Acute transverse myelitis, a viral infection that attacked his immune system, left Copeland bedridden at Antelope Valley Hospital for five days with an inflamed spinal cord.
Common examples of other monofocal demyelinating processes include acute transverse myelitis and isolated optic neuritis.
Acute transverse myelitis associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection: a case report and review of the literature.

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