Myelitis

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myelitis

[‚mī·ə′līd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the spinal cord.
Inflammation of the bone marrow.

Myelitis

 

inflammation of the spinal cord.

Primary myelitides are caused by various neurotropic viruses; secondary myelitides are caused by infections, allergies, and injuries. The inflammation is rarely isolated to the spinal cord; the sheath of the spinal cord and the nerve roots are also often affected. Primary focal myelitis develops in acute form and is characterized by elevation in temperature, pain, and disturbances of nervous-system function. Death of nerve cells results in flaccid paralyses, segmental disturbance of sensitivity, and spastic pareses; pelvic disturbances (urinary or fecal incontinence or retention) are not uncommon. Bedsores, edema, and hyperhidrosis are often encountered.

Treatment includes vitamin therapy and administration of antibiotics and desensitizing agents; orthopedic packs are suggested to relieve paralysis. Treatment during the period of myelitis sequelae includes massage, exercise, balneotherapy, and administration of stimulants.

L. O. BADALIAN

References in periodicals archive ?
Acute transverse myelitis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
Acute transverse myelitis in systemic lupus erythematosus: a case of rapid diagnosis and complete recovery.
Acute transverse myelitis and primary antiphospholipid syndrome.
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a group of disorders that are characterised by acute, non-traumatic inflammation of the spinal cord in a well-defined area.
A diagnosis of acute transverse myelitis was given and he was commenced on a five day course of 500mg methylprednisone intravenously.
Irani DN and Kerr DA (2000): 14-3-3 protein in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with acute transverse myelitis. Lancet 355: 901.
Kalita J, Misra UK and Mandel SK (1998): Prognostic predictors of acute transverse myelitis. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 98: 60-63.
Misra UK, Kalita J and Kumar S (1996): A clinical, MRI and neurophysiological study of acute transverse myelitis. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 138: 150-166.
Acute transverse myelitis in a 7-month-old boy after diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis immunization.
An approach to the diagnosis of acute transverse myelitis. Semin Neurol 2008;28:105-20.
The differential diagnosis of acute transverse myelitis. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2006;108:278-83.
Acute transverse myelitis following hepatitis E virus infection.

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