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Reinhardt, Ad(Adolph Reinhardt), 1913–67, American painter, b. New York City. Both a painter and an art theorist, Reinhardt is best known for his black paintings, begun in 1960. Associated with minimalism (see modern artmodern art,
art created from the 19th cent. to the mid-20th cent. by artists who veered away from the traditional concepts and techniques of painting, sculpture, and other fine arts that had been practiced since the Renaissance (see Renaissance art and architecture).
..... Click the link for more information. ), the paintings appear all black and exhibit only slight variations in hue and the presence of form on close scrutiny. In rejecting the conventional attributes of painting, he attempted to abstract the pure and contemplative qualities he admired in Eastern art.
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Reinhardt, (Adolph Dietrich Friedrich) Ad(1913–67) painter, teacher; born in Buffalo, N.Y. He studied at Columbia University (1931–35, 1936–37), and at New York University (c. 1946–50). Based in New York, he was a member of the American Abstract Artists group (1937–47). He taught at Brooklyn College, New York (1947–67), and worked as an art critic, illustrator, and cartoonist for various periodicals. Influenced by oriental art, he traveled to Asia in 1958. He began as an abstract minimalist and colorist and remained so. In the 1940s he painted bright abstractions, went on to his red and black period, as seen in Red Painting (1952), and from 1952 he concentrated on his "black" paintings, which combine subtle color tonalities.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.