Adalbert Stifter

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Stifter, Adalbert


Born Oct. 23, 1805, in Oberplan; died Jan. 28, 1868, in Linz. Austrian writer and painter of the late romantic period.

Stifter studied at the University of Vienna from 1826 to 1830. From 1849 to 1866 he was an inspector in the public schools of Upper Austria.

Stifter’s belief in the humanistic ideals of the German Enlightenment is reflected in his Indian Summer (1857), a psychological Bildungsroman; his political conservatism is seen in the historical novel Witiko (1865–67). In his collections of short stories and novellas, such as Studies (vols. 1–6, 1844–50) and Colored Stones (1853), he gives an idyllic depiction of the mores of an Austrian village. His idealist views on public education and the humanistic upbringing of the individual are presented in such pedagogic works as On the School and the Family (published 1952); he based these views on a faith in the power of reason to destroy social evils.

As a painter, Stifter produced for the most part romantic landscapes, such as View of the Meadows of the Western Hungarian Alps in Inclement Weather (A. Stifter Museum, Vienna). Stifter’s expressive, plein-air style of painting made him one of the forerunners of German and Austrian impressionism.


Werke, vols. 1–4. Berlin-Weimar, 1964.
In Russian translation:
Staraiapechat’. Moscow, 1960.
Lesnaia tropa. Moscow, 1971.


A. Stifter: Studien und Interpretationen. Heidelberg, 1968.
Eisenmeier, E. A. Stifter: Bibliographie. Linz, 1964–71.
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The work is inspired by the work of Adalbert Stifter, a 19th-century Austrian writer with a goal of documenting the sounds and visual manifestations of nature.
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The Bachelors (2009 translation) by Adalbert Stifter
The piece is named after Adalbert Stifter (1805-1868), an Austrian writer who inspired many other writers and poets, including Rainer Maria Rilke, through his descriptions of nature.
The first original translation of Austrian author Adalbert Stifter to come from Pushkin Press, The Bachelors is a bildungsroman that repeatedly contrasts youth with age and childhood with adult life as it traces the experience of a young man named Victor after he leaves home.
Adalbert Stifter (1805-1868) is hardly known at all in English-speaking countries, but he is regarded as a classic of German prose style.
An equally important formative influence for Sebald's aesthetic of stasis, however, is more practical than theoretical, namely his reading of nineteenth-century German prose by writers such as Theodore Fontane, Gottfried Keller, and Adalbert Stifter.
Wolfgang Matz, Adalbert Stifter oder Diese Furchterliche Wendung der Dinge (Munich and Vienna, Carl Hanser Verlag, 1995), 406 pages with notes and selected bibliography, 57DM.
Contract notice: renovation of the external facade including scaffolding, General refurbishment of the adalbert stifter school.
German National Socialists celebrated his "Germanness," and, after the collapse of the Third Reich, intellectuals in support of the speedily reinstated Habsburg myth referred to Grillparzer, alongside Adalbert Stifter and Hugo von Hofmannsthal, as their historical warrantor.
Leaving aside some secondary figures, four writers of lasting importance are commonly considered part of the Biedermeier tendency: Franz Grillparzer, Eduard Morike, Annette von Droste-Hulshoff, and, most importantly, Adalbert Stifter.